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13th International Conference on Cyber Conflict: Going Viral


# A B C D E G H J K L M O P Q R S T V W Z

Dmitri Alperovitch

Dmitri Alperovitch is the Co-Founder and Chairman of Silverado Policy Accelerator, a non-profit focused on advancing American prosperity and global leadership in the 21st century and beyond.

He is a Co-Founder and former CTO of CrowdStrike Inc., world’s largest cybersecurity company. A renowned cybersecurity visionary and business leader on cybersecurity strategy and state tradecraft and has served as special advisor to the Department of Defense.

Alperovitch is currently a Senior Fellow at Harvard Kennedy School’s Belfer Center’s Defending Digital Democracy Project. He currently serves on the Advisory Boards for NATO’s Cooperative Cyber Defence Centre of Excellence (CCDCOE), George Mason University’s National Security Institute and RSA Conference. Prior to founding CrowdStrike, Dmitri was a Vice President of Threat Research at McAfee, where he led company’s global Internet threat intelligence analysis and investigations. 

With more than two decades of experience in the field of information security, Alperovitch is an inventor of 36 patented technologies and has conducted extensive research on reputation systems, spam detection, web security, public-key and identity-based cryptography, malware and intrusion detection and prevention. 

As a recognized authority on cyberespionage, cyber warfare, online organized criminal activity, and cybersecurity, Alperovitch has significant experience working as a subject matter expert with all levels of U.S. and international policy makers, intelligence and law enforcement agencies on analysis, investigations, and profiling of transnational organized criminal activities and cyber threats from terrorist and nation-state adversaries. He is a well-respected technical and policy thinker on the most difficult global cybersecurity issues, and is a frequent speaker at military, intelligence, law-enforcement, academic and security industry conferences. Alperovitch is frequently quoted as a cyberpolicy and cybersecurity expert source in national media, including 60 Minutes, Face the Nation, Frontline, The New York Times and The Washington Post. He has testified before the US Senate Armed Services Committee. 

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Karine Bannelier-Christakis

Karine Bannelier-Christakis is Associate Professor in International Law at the University Grenoble Alpes (France). She is Deputy Director of the Grenoble Alpes Cybersecurity Institute and Deputy Director of the Chair Legal and Regulatory Implications of Artificial Intelligence at the Multidisciplinary In statute on Artificial Intelligence (MIAI). She has published widely in the field of international law and cybersecurity. Her expertise activities include: Member of the Steering Committee of the French Government Initiative on Cyber-Security in charge of the scientific coordination of the International Conference Building International Peace and Security in Cyberspace (UNESCO 2017); Collaboration to the French Cyber-Defense Strategy (2018); Member of the ICRC International Group of Experts Avoiding Civilian Harm from Military Cyber Operations during Armed Conflicts (2020); Legal expertise for the French National gendarmerie on Legal issues of non-cooperative geolocation techniques for the protection of human life (2019-2020); Member of the OECD Informal expert group on ‘Responsible Response’; Legal expert on cyber issues for the French Ministry of Armies (2020-2021).

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Manon Le Blanc

Manon Le Blanc is Head of the Cyber Sector at the European External Action Service (EEAS). Over the last years, Manon has shaped the EU's policies on international cyber diplomacy issues and has been driving the work on the EU’s "cyber diplomacy toolbox", which allows the EU to use all diplomatic measures at its disposal to respond to malicious cyber activities. Prior this posting, Manon served a senior advisor in the Office of the Secretary General at the Ministry of Justice and Security in The Hague. She holds a Master of Science from the University of Amsterdam.

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Jason Blessing

Dr Jason Blessing is a DAAD Post-Doctoral Fellow with the United States, Europe, and World Order Program in the Foreign Policy Institute at the Johns Hopkins University School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS) in Washington DC He is also a Consulting Fellow for the Cyber, Space and Future Conflict Programme at the International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS), where he writes on cyber military maturity and is developing a new methodology for assessing military cyber forces. Jason is a former USIP-Minerva Peace and Security Scholar, a position jointly funded by the United States Institute of Peace and the US Department of Defense Minerva Research Initiative. He holds a PhD in political science from the Maxwell School of Citizenship and Public Affairs at Syracuse University, an MA in political science from Virginia Tech, and a BA in government from The College of William & Mary. Prior to his doctoral degree, Mr Blessing was a licensed Fraud Operations Analyst for a US-based brokerage firm, where he identified, mitigated, and resolved cases of financial fraud based on technical compromise data and client behavioural patterns.

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Erica Borghard

Dr Erica Borghard is a Senior Fellow in the Technology and International Affairs Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. She also continues to serve as a Senior Director on the U.S. Cyberspace Solarium Commission.

Russell Buchan

Dr Russell Buchan is Senior Lecturer in International Law at the University of Sheffield, UK. He has published widely in the field of public international law, including three monographs: International Law and the Construction of the Liberal Peace (Hart, 2013), Cyber Espionage and International Law (Hart, 2018) and Regulating the Use of Force in International Law: Stability and Change (Edward Elgar Publishing, 2021). He is also Co-Editor in Chief of the Journal of International Humanitarian Legal Studies.

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Thomas Burri

Thomas Burri is a professor of international law and European law at the University of St. Gallen in Switzerland. His research investigating AI and autonomous systems for almost a decade has been widely published.

Federico Cerutti

Federico Cerutti is the Chair of the Brescia University branch of the Italian Cybersecurity National Laboratory. In 2019, he was also one of the recipients of the highly competitive Rita Levi-Montalcini personal research fellowship programme, funded by the Italian Ministry of Research. Before that, he was the Academic Director of the Cardiff University Data Science Academy and Senior Lecturer at the same institution. He is an active researcher in learning and reasoning with uncertainty and cyber threat intelligence analysis. He published over 70 peer-reviewed papers, several of which in top venues for artificial intelligence research.

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Raman Jit Singh Chima

Raman Jit Singh Chima serves as Senior International Counsel and Asia Pacific Policy Director at Access Now, working with the international non-profit organisation's team of global public policy staff in protecting an open Internet and advancing the rights of users. He also coordinates the organisation's work on cybersecurity policy as global cybersecurity lead. He was a founding volunteer with India's landmark campaign for net neutrality and co-founded the Internet Freedom Foundation in India - where he currently chairs the board of trustees. 
He assisted the legal team involved in the Supreme Court of India's landmark Shreya Singhal v. Union of India judgment on Internet free speech, and has been included in Forbes Magazine's 30-Under-30 list of leaders in India under the Law and Policy category. He has previously worked in industry, serving with Google's Asia Pacific Policy Team over 2010-2014. In 2019, he was awarded a Chevening Cybersecurity Fellowship and completed a programme of study at the Defence Academy of the United Kingdom. Raman is a graduate of the National Law School of India University at Bangalore, where he was chief editor of the Indian Journal of Law and Technology

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Graham Cluley

Graham Cluley is an award-winning independent security blogger, researcher and podcaster. He has been a well-known figure in the computer security industry since the early 1990s when he worked as a programmer, writing the first ever version of Dr Solomon’s Anti-Virus Toolkit for Windows. Since then he has been employed in senior roles by companies such as Sophos and McAfee.

Graham has given talks about computer security for some of the world’s largest companies, worked with law enforcement agencies on investigations into hacking groups, and regularly appears on TV and radio. Graham was inducted into the InfoSecurity Europe Hall of Fame in 2011, and his claim to fame is that he is the originator of the saying that ‘the cloud is just someone else’s computer’.
Follow him on Twitter at @gcluley or

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Fabio Cocurullo

Within Leonardo's Cyber Security Division, Fabio is responsible for Research Projects, Prototyping and Collaborations. In this context he is responsible for the concept, prototyping of new solutions in collaboration with Universities, Research Centers and SMEs. The main development areas are related to Cybersecurity and Digitization. Fabio joined Leonardo after experiences in technology startup. 

With his team he participates in dozens of H2020, EDA and EDF and National Funded projects and successfully brought innovative solutions from the concept to the market. He is an active member and lecturers for Master in Cybersecurity. Fabio is chair of Working Group 6 of ECSO (European Cyber ​​Security Organization), Vice President of the Cyber ​​4.0 Competence Center, member of AFCEA and involved in EU working. Fabio holds a Ph.D. in Computer Science and Telecommunications.

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Pete Cooper

Pete is Deputy Director Cyber Defence in the UK Cabinet Office. With a diverse military, private sector and government background he has worked on everything ranging from global cyber security strategies, advising on the nature of state vs state cyber conflict to leading cyber security change across the aerospace sector with ground breaking, collaborative work across industry, public sector and the global hacker community.including founding and leading the Aerospace Village at DEF CON. A fast jet pilot turned cyber operations advisor, who on leaving the military in 2016, founded the UK’s first multi-disciplinary cyber strategy competition, he is passionate about tackling national and international cybersecurity challenges through better collaborations, diversity and innovative partnerships. He has a Post Grad in Cyberspace Operations from Cranfield University. Is a Non-Resident Senior Fellow at the Cyber Statecraft Initiative of the Scowcroft Centre for Strategy and Security at the Atlantic Council and a Visiting Senior Research Fellow in the Dept of War Studies, King's College London.

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Gary Corn

Gary Corn is the Director of the Technology, Law & Security Program and Adjunct Professor of Cyber and National SecurityLaw at American University Washington College of Law; a Senior Fellow in Cybersecurity and Emerging Threats at the R Street Institute; a member of the editorial board of the Georgetown Journal of National Security Law and Policy, and the Founder and Principal of Jus Novus Consulting, LLC. A retired U.S. Army colonel, Corn previously served as the Staff Judge Advocate to U.S. Cyber Command, as a Deputy Legal Counsel to the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, the Operational Law Branch Chief in the Office of the Judge Advocate General of the Army, the Staff Judge Advocate to United States Army South, on detail as a Special Assistant United States Attorney with the United States Attorney’s Office for the District of Columbia, and on deployment to the Republic of North Macedonia as part of the United Nations Preventive Deployment Force and as the Chief of International Law for Combined Forces Command, Afghanistan.

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François Delerue

Dr François Delerue is a research fellow in cyberdefense and international law at the Institute for Strategic Research (Insitut de Recherche Stratégique de l’École Militaire – IRSEM, Paris, France) and a lecturer at Sciences Po. He is also a non-resident associate fellow at The Hague Program for Cyber Norms at Leiden University and rapporteur for international law to the Academic Advisiory Board of the Project EU Cyber Direct project. His book titled ‘Cyber Operations and International Law ‘ was published by Cambridge University Press in February 2020.

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Amy Ertan

Amy Ertan is an Information Security Doctoral Candidate at Royal Holloway (University of London), a Cybersecurity Fellow at the Belfer Center (Harvard Kennedy School) and a non-resident Visiting Scholar at the NATO CCDCOE. Her PhD research focuses on the security implications of emerging technology in a military context. Amy is the Co-Lead of the Offensive Cyber Working Group and is a co-author on the recent King’s Policy Institute Report: ’The National Cyber Force that Britain Needs?’. She holds CISSP and CRTIA qualifications and has previously worked in cyber-wargame scenario design, human factors security research. and strategic cyber intelligence.

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Keir Giles

Keir Giles is a Senior Consulting Fellow with the Russia and Eurasia Programme at Chatham House in London, and also serves as Research Director for the Conflict Studies Research Centre, formerly part of the UK Ministry of Defence. Mr Giles has been involved with the exploitation of the internet for three decades and combines a technical background with the in-depth study of approaches by authoritarian regimes to information security to develop the analysis and prediction of the development of information warfare, including the subdomain of cyber conflict. He is the author of a number of studies on Russian theory, doctrine, and structures for engaging in information and cyber confrontation.

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Jonas Grätz-Hoffmann

Jonas Grätz-Hoffmann is scientific collaborator at the Federal Department of Foreign Affairs of Switzerland (FDFA), contributing to foreign policy in the areas of cyber diplomacy and digital governance. Prior to this position, he was economic adviser at the OSCE Secretariat in Vienna. From 2015 to 2018, he held different positions at the FDFA, inter alia as the desk for the OSCE’s activities in Ukraine. Mr Grätz worked in different European think tanks (2008–2015), such as the German Institute for International and Security Affairs (SWP) in Berlin and the Center for Security Studies at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich. He holds a doctorate in political science from Frankfurt University.

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Gergő Gyebnár

He is a Certified Information Security Professional with 10+ years of experience in developing and managing an international cybersecurity company. He has grown his skills in delivering high-value projects regarding ISAC (Information Sharing and Analysis Centres), Security Operations Centres, Cyber Security Incidents Response and related R&D activities. He strives to be a leader with deep knowledge in Cloud and ICS Security who is able to navigate his company in a complex and dynamic environment. He studied at the National University of Public Service and after a short bypass he founded Black Cell Ltd.

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Charles Harry

Dr Charles Harry is a senior leader, practitioner and researcher with over 20 years of experience in intelligence and cyber operations. Harry is the director of operations at the Maryland Global Initiative in Cybersecurity (MaGIC), an associate research professor in the School of Public Policy, and a senior research associate at the Center for International and Security Studies at Maryland (CISSM). Harry facilitates and promotes external engagement and interdisciplinary research across the university and is often called to speak to international and national audiences on a range of cybersecurity issues. He is part of Bain and Company’s External Advisors Network and is an active consultant to a wide range of public and private organizations. Prior to his appointment at the university he spent over two decades in the defense and intelligence communities.

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Kim Hartmann

Kim Hartmann serves as Cyber and Information Technology Director at the Conflict Studies Research Centre, UK. She is a senior consultant and researcher in the fields of cyber, network and software security. As a computer scientist and mathematician, she combines profound technical knowledge with an in-depth analysis of the geopolitical context of cyber incidents. Her fields of excellence are cyber security risk assessment, IT forensics, data and privacy protection, and secure software development. She has advised private, military and government organisations for over a decade on the assessment of cyber incidents, the integration of security in existing technologies, as well as the protection of networks and software.

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Eric Talbot Jensen

Eric Talbot Jensen is the Robert W. Barker Professor of Law at Brigham Young University where he teaches and writes in the areas of Public International Law, National Security Law, the Law of Armed Conflict and Criminal Law.  Prior to becoming a professor, he worked as a legal advisor to United States military commanders while deployed to Bosnia, Kosovo, Macedonia and Iraq.

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Pål Jonson

Pål Jonson is the Chairman of the Committee on Defence in the Swedish Parliament and spokesperson for the Moderate party on defence issues. He previously served as Director of Communication for the Swedish Security and Defence Industry Association; as Political Advisor at the Ministry of Defence and as an analyst at the Swedish Defence Research Agency. In addition, he has been a visiting fellow at the NATO Defence College in Rome. He holds a BSFS from Georgetown University, an MA in political studies from the College of Europe and a PhD in War Studies from King College.

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H.E. Kersti Kaljulaid

President Kaljulaid is a supporter of a nonrestrictive legal space for the ongoing digitalization of economies and governments. She is an active promoter of sustainability and halting climate change. She advocates for publicly speaking up against violence and for giving a voice to those affected by it.

In 2016 Kersti Kaljulaid was elected President of the Republic of Estonia. Previously she served from 2004 to 2016 as a Member of the European Court of Auditors. Kersti Kaljulaid was the CFO and CEO of the Iru Power Plant of state-owned energy company Eesti Energia and prior to that Prime Minister Mart Laar's Economic Advisor.

Kersti Kaljulaid has graduated from the University of Tartu in the field of genetics in the Faculty of Natural Sciences and she has a master`s in Economics and Business Administration. She is fluent in English and French and also speaks German, Finnish, Russian. 

Kersti Kaljulaid is married and has four children.

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Monica Kaminska

Monica Kaminska is a postdoctoral researcher at The Hague Program for Cyber Norms at Leiden University – Institute of Security and Global Affairs and a PhD Candidate in Cyber Security at the University of Oxford. She is also a trustee of the European Cyber Conflict Research Initiative (ECCRI) and has held research positions at the Centre for Technology and Global Affairs and the Computational Propaganda Project, both at the University of Oxford. Monica’s research examines international cyber conflict, particularly states’ responses to hostile cyber operations.

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Kadri Kaska

Kadri Kaska is the head of Law Branch and cybersecurity policy researcher at the NATO CCDCOE since 2008. Her main area of research is national cyber security strategy and governance; as part of her portfolio, she maintains the Centre’s National Cybersecurity Strategies repository [link] and is editor for the National Cybersecurity Governance series. Given her legal background, she also writes on the legal aspects of state cyber activities.
In 2017-2018, she was seconded to the Estonian Information System Authority, where she was the lead author and editor of annual Estonian Cyber Security Assessments and contributed to the Agency’s activities in cyber threat assessment, policy analysis and legal drafting. In that capacity, she was one of the authors of Estonia’s new Cyber Security Act and the 2018 Cybersecurity Strategy.
Kadri holds a master’s degree in law from the University of Tartu, Estonia.

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Johannes Klick

Johannes Klick is the CEO of Alpha Strike Labs and a passionate researcher and IT security expert. His research focuses on global internet scanning for threat analysis and external attack surface detection, as well as identifying the cyber infrastructures of organisations and companies. He has given presentations at internationally recognised conferences such as Chaos Communication Camp, PHDays Russia, and Blackhat USA.

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Casper Klynge

Casper Klynge is Microsoft’s Vice President for European Government Affairs with responsibility for all of Microsoft’s government affairs and public policy work across the continent. He serves on the senior leadership team of Microsoft’s CELA group. Prior to joining Microsoft, Casper most recently served as Denmark’s (the world’s first) Ambassador to the global tech industry. Previous posts include: Ambassador to Indonesia, Timor Leste, Papua New Guinea and ASEAN (2014-2017), Ambassador to the Republic of Cyprus (2013-2014), Deputy Head of NATO’s Provincial Reconstruction Team in Helmand Province, Afghanistan and Head of Mission of the EU’s civilian crisis management planning mission in Kosovo (2006-2008). Casper holds a M.Sc. in Political Science and is a 2009 Marshall Memorial Fellow.

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Robert Koch

Commander PD Dr rer. nat. Dr habil. Robert Koch is a General Staff Officer of the Federal Armed Forces. He joined the Navy in 1998 and studied computer science at the Universität der Bundeswehr. After operational and technical training, he served as a Weapon Engineering Officer onboard German frigates. After the National General/Admiral Staff Officer Course at the Bundeswehr Command and Staff College, Dr Koch had assignments as Action Officer Cyber at the Bundeswehr Communication and Information Systems Command and as Head of Department Penetration Testing at the Bundeswehr Cyber Security Center. Currently, Dr Koch is Desk Officer Cyber Policy at the Federal Ministry of Defence. He holds a Diploma in Computer Science and a Master’s in Military Leadership and International Security; he received his PhD in 2011, his habilitation in 2017 and his Venia Legendi in 2018. Now, he is lecturer in computer science at the Universität der Bundeswehr and the University of Bonn with course offerings ranging from introductory cyber security for non-technical people to in-depth technical IT security topics. His main areas of research are attack and tamper detection, anonymity in cyberspace, and conducting and optimizing security analysis.

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Erki Kodar

Erki Kodar has been the Undersecretary for Legal and Consular Affairs at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs since September 2019. Previously, Erki Kodar worked for nearly fifteen years at the Ministry of Defence, starting out as a lawyer and graduating to the position of Undersecretary for Legal and Administrative Affairs. He also worked as the Director of the Legal Department and the Director of the NATO and European Union Department. Erki Kodar began his university studies at the Faculty of Law at the University of Tartu, graduating in 2005. In 2018, he obtained a master’s degree in strategic studies at the Army War College in the United States. He has also attended courses and seminars on armed conflict law and completed the Higher Command Studies Course at the Baltic Defence College.

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Bernd König

Capt. (retired), Lt. Col. In Reserve Bernd König served thirty years as an officer in the German Federal Armed Forces with special high-security tasks in EW, he has also served as IT security officer in the MoD for the largest European IT outsourcing project, HERKULES; CISO with Operative IT-Sec responsibility for data centres in the Bundeswehr under the HERKULES project (IBM); Top Executive Consultant, Portfolio Executive at BU Cyber Security T-Systems; International Director Product Management Security EMEA at AKAMAI; and Diploma Social Pedagogue, IT Expert in the Ring of German Experts at CISSP, CRISC.

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Csaba Krasznay

Csaba Krasznay is an associate professor at the University of Public Service with cybersecurity being his field of research. Currently, he is also the Head of the university’s Institute of Cybersecurity. Besides his activities in higher education, he is present on the market as well. He obtained a CISA certification in 2005, CISM and CISSP in 2006, CEH in 2008, ISO 27001 Lead Auditor in 2012 and CSSLP in 2015. He is a board member of the Magyary Zoltán E-government Association and the Voluntary Cyberdefence Cooperation, member of ISACA Budapest Chapter and the Hungarian Association for Electronic Signature. In 2011, he was voted to the “Security Expert of the Year”.

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Neal Kushwaha

Neal Kushwaha is a recipient of the 2019 Royal Humane Silver Medal of Bravery and 2020 commendation from the Governor General of Canada. Neal is an international bilingual speaker, a guest lecturer at Stellenbosch University, and a motivational speaker. He is the founder of a Canadian consulting company, IMPENDO Inc., specifically serving public sector clients. His research and consulting falls within the cross-section of cyberspace, security, and law. Neal has publications at various venues on topics ranging from policy and doctrine to technical matters. Aligned with his PhD research, he supports nations with their cyber programmes. While he is a prominent speaker at cyber conferences on the global stage, it is his climbing that generates the most interest. He is an accomplished mountaineer with over 28 years of climbing experience and climbs under the banner of Big Climbs, including Everest.

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Kevin C. Leahy

As Deputy Director for Global Integration, BG Leahy informs the Chairman of the Joint Staff’s military advice to the President and Secretary of Defense on strategies, policies, and plans that address strategic competition, defined by the National Defense Strategy, especially those requiring integration across geographic combatant commands.  His three lines of effort include: guiding the processes for the Joint Force to develop, assess, and revise Global Campaign Plans, as well as to nominate potential strategic opportunities to expand the competitive space; integrating military contributions from allies and partner nations into U.S. military strategies, policies, and plans that address strategic competition and enable prioritized requests to allies and partners from the Joint Force; serving as the CJCS lead for strengthening collaboration across the thirteen “Framework Nations” to address common threats posed by near-peer competitors, revisionist powers, rogue regimes, and violent extremist organizations.  BG Leahy has deployed myriad times to multiple locations in Southwest Asia, Eastern Europe, and Africa.  He has commanded at the Company, Battallion, and Group leves, and his previous assignment was Deputy Commanding General (Operations) for the 7th Infantry Division at Joint Base Lewis-McChord, Washington.

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Juhan Lepassaar

Mr Juhan Lepassaar took up his role as the Executive Director of ENISA on 16 October 2019. He has more than 15 years of experience working with and within European Union institutions. Prior to joining ENISA, he worked for six years in the European Commission, including as Head of Cabinet of Vice-President Andrus Ansip responsible for the Digital Single Market. In this capacity, he also led and coordinated the preparations and negotiations for the Cybersecurity Act.
Mr Lepassaar started his career in EU affairs with the Estonian Government Office, leading the national EU coordination system as the Director for EU affairs for five years, and as EU adviser to the Prime Minister.

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Martin Libicki

Martin C. Libicki (PhD, U.C. Berkeley 1978) holds the Keyser Chair of Cybersecurity Studies at the U.S. Naval Academy. In addition to teaching, he carries out research in cyberwar and the general impact of information technology on domestic and national security. He is the author of a 2016 textbook on cyberwar, Cyberspace in Peace and War, as well as Conquest in Cyberspace: National Security and Information Warfare and various related RAND monographs. Prior employment includes twelve years at the National Defense University, three years on the Navy Staff (logistics) and three years for the US GAO.

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Rain Liivoja

Rain Liivoja is Associate Professor and Deputy Dean (Research) at the University of Queensland Law School, where he leads the Law and the Future of War Research Group. He is also a Senior Fellow with the Lieber Institute for Law and Land Warfare at the United States Military Academy at West Point, and an Affiliated Research Fellow of the Erik Castrén Institute of International Law and Human Rights at the University of Helsinki. Rain co-edits the Journal of International Humanitarian Legal Studies. He has previously served on Estonian delegations to multilateral meetings on humanitarian law and arms control.

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Vasileios Mavroeidis

Vasileios Mavroeidis is a research scientist and educator in cyber security at the University of Oslo, specialising in security automation and cyber threat intelligence generation, representation and sharing. Mr Mavroeidis has been affiliated with multiple national and European cyber security research and innovation projects in various roles and has been actively involved in cyber security standardisation.

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Roland Meier

Roland Meier is a fifth-year PhD student at the Department of Electrical Engineering and Information Technology at ETH Zürich. His research focuses on the security of computer networks. In particular, he works on solutions which leverage recent advances in network programmability to make networks able to detect and mitigate attacks in the data plane and to provide more security and privacy.
Mr Meier received his master’s degree in electrical engineering and information technology from ETH Zürich in 2015.

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Tomohiro Mikanagi

Tomohiro Mikanagi is Deputy Legal Advisor of the Japanese Ministry of Foreign Affairs, managing the submission of treaties to the Diet (Parliament) and overseeing the interpretation and application of international law. As a diplomat, he served in Tokyo, NY, Beijing and London. In his personal capacity, he has been participating in workshops and conferences relating to international law and cyber security. His publications include “Establishing a Military Presence in a Disputed Territory: Interpretation of Article 2(3) and (4) of the UN Charter” (2018 ICLQ) and “Attribution of cyber operations: an international law perspective on the Park Jin Hyok case” (2020 CILJ). He received his bachelor’s degree from the University of Tokyo and master’s degree from the University of Cambridge.

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Erin Miller

Erin has over a decade of experience building meaningful tech collaborations and has formed hundreds of formal partnerships between government, industry and academia to solve problems for warfighters and national security. Currently Erin is building a Public-Private Partnership (P3), called Space ISAC. This is the third non-profit launch Erin has led and has been passionate about P3 for her entire career.

Erin was the Managing Director of the Center for Technology, Research and Commercialization (C-TRAC) and brought three USAF-funded programs to bear at the Catalyst Campus for Technology & Innovation ( from 2016-2018. Her expertise in brokering unique partnerships using non-FAR type agreements led to the standup of the Air Force’s first cyber focused design studio, AFCyberWorx at the United States Air Force Academy, and the first space accelerator, Catalyst Accelerator, at Catalyst Campus in Colorado Springs - in partnership with Air Force Research Laboratory and AFWERX.

In 2020 Erin is a recipient of the Woman of Influence award. In 2018 Erin was recognized by the Mayor of Colorado Springs as Mayor’s Young Leader (MYL) of the Year Award for Technology. She is also the recipient of Southern Colorado Women’s Chamber of Commerce Award for Young Female Leader in 2018.

In her previous roles she developed and managed intellectual property portfolios, technology transfer strategies, export control/ITAR, secure facilities, and rapid prototyping collaborations.

Erin serves on the advisory board of CyberSatGov.

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Tomáš Minárik

Tomáš Minárik is the Head of International Organisations and Law Unit at the National Cyber and Information Security Agency (NÚKIB) since July 2019. Since 2014, he worked as a researcher in the NATO CCD COE Law Branch, focusing on the legal aspects of cyberspace operations (the International Cyber Law: Interactive Toolkit project), activities of international organisations regarding cyberspace (the INCYDER project), and cyber defence exercises (Locked Shields, Crossed Swords). Prior to that, he worked as a legal adviser at the International Law Department of the Czech Ministry of Defence. He holds a law degree from the Charles University in Prague.

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Mark Montgomery

Mark Montgomery serves as the Senior Advisor to the Chairmen of the Cyberspace Solarium Commission, and was previously the Executive Director. He is also the Senior Director of the Center on Cyber and Technology Innovation and a Senior Fellow at the Foundation for Defense of Democracies. He previously served as Policy Director for the Senate Armed Services Committee under the leadership of Senator John S. McCain and completed 32 years as a nuclear trained surface warfare officer in the U.S. Navy, retiring as a Rear Admiral in 2017.

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Evangelos Ouzounis

Dr Evangelos Ouzounis is the head of ENISA’s Policy Development and Implementation Unit. 

His unit leads ENISA’s efforts in the area of NIS Directive (NISD). It assists the Commission and Member States towards a harmonised implementation of the Directive at horizontal, as well as, at sectorial level (e.g. telecoms, energy, health, finance). 

Dr. Ouzounis is also responsible for Telecom Security. His team has contributed in the development of the 5G toolbox, the good practices for Electronic Communications Code (EECC), and the first ever pan European incident reporting mechanism (article 13 a). His responsibilities also include trust service providers. His team has developed numerous good practices and recommendations, which helped the Commission and Member States to implement the eIDAS framework. Additionally, Dr Ouzounis is responsible for the area of data protection and privacy. His team has issued several good practices in the area Privacy Enhancing Technologies (PET) and runs the prestigious Annual Privacy Forum (APF). Finally, Dr Ouzounis and his team have facilitated stakeholders’ efforts regarding the development of pan European information exchanges (e.g. ISACs). Currently, there are numerous sectorial ISACs that share good practices, threat landscapes, and incidents on a regular basis.  

Prior to his position at ENISA, Dr. Ouzounis worked several years at the European Commission (DG Connect) and co-founded FhG-FOKUS’ Electronic Commerce Centre of Competence (ECCO) in Berlin, Germany. He has managed more than 15 international R&D projects (e.g. 3G, intelligent networks, distributed systems, mobile intelligent agents), served for the EU Commission as evaluator of EU funded projects, and chaired numerous international academic conferences.

Dr. Ouzounis holds a Ph.D from the Technical University of Berlin on the resilience and security of distributed systems and a Master in Computer Engineering from the Technical University of Patras, Greece.

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Chris Parker

Lt. Col. (retired) Chris Parker MBE, is Director for Defence and Central Government for Fortinet UK. He served for 2 years in the RAF (as a very bad pilot) and then 17 (better) years in the British Infantry on nine combat and operational tours, including as Chief of Staff MNB(C) in Kosovo (2001) for 7,500 NATO troops. Mr Parker has a master’s degree in Technology, has previously been a COO in the oil and gas industry, and led a cybersecurity business for five years.

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James Pavur

James Pavur is a DPhil student and Rhodes Scholar at Oxford University’s Department of Computer Science. His research focuses on satellite cyber security and ways to secure modern space missions from emerging threats. His work on satellite broadband security has been presented at leading technical venues, such as Black Hat and IEEE S&P, as well as receiving coverage in the popular press. Prior to attending Oxford, he studied science, technology and international affairs at Georgetown University’s School of Foreign Service. In his free time, Mr Pavur is an avid competitive hacker, participating in hackathons and capture-the-flag competitions.

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Sir Stuart Peach

Air Chief Marshal Sir Stuart Peach is the 32nd Chairman of the NATO Military Committee, assuming the role in June 2018. ACM Peach is NATO’s most senior military officer and is the Military Adviser to the Secretary General and the North Atlantic Council. His career has taken in flying tours on Canberras and Tornado GR1, along with extensive operational service. Senior UK appointments have included Chief of Defence Intelligence, Chief of Joint Operations, and Commander of the UK Joint Forces Command. He was Vice Chief of the Defence Staff from 2013-2016 and was Chief of the Defence Staff from 2016-2018.

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Piret Pernik

Piret Pernik is a Researcher of Strategy Branch of the NATO CCDCOE. Her main research areas are cyber security strategies and policies, horizon scanning and analysis of cyber threats, and the development of military cyber organizations. She has worked as a researcher in cyber security since 2013 at the International Centre for Security and Defence, and the Estonian Academy of Social Sciences.

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Nikola Pijović

Dr Nikola Pijović is a Cyber Security Cooperative Research Centre Postdoctoral Research Fellow at the School of Politics and International Relations and the Law School, at the University of Adelaide. He is an expert on foreign policy and international relations, and his current research focuses on international cyber security policy in the Five Eyes.

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Philip Quade

Phil brings more than three decades of cybersecurity and networking experience working across foreign, government, and commercial industry sectors at the National Security Agency (NSA) and U.S. Senate. Phil serves as a strategic consultant to Fortinet's C-Level enterprise customers, partners, and governments worldwide, and leads strategy and expansion of Fortinet's Federal and Critical Infrastructure business. Prior to Fortinet, Phil was the NSA Director's Special Assistant for Cyber and Chief of the NSA Cyber Task Force, with responsibility for the White House relationship in Cyber. Previously, Phil also served as the Chief Operating Officer of the Information Assurance Directorate at the NSA, managing day-to-day operations, strategy, and relationships in cybersecurity. He held a variety of roles earlier in his tenure at the NSA, including head of the Information Operations Technology Center's Advanced Technology Group, professional staffer to the U.S. Senate, and in the Office of the Director for National Intelligence.

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Vladimir Radunović

Vladimir Radunović is a lecturer and director of educational programmes in the areas of internet governance, cyber security and e-diplomacy at the Diplo Foundation, an international non-governmental institution. He was a member of the Advisory Board of the Global Forum on Cyber Expertise and was a member of the UN Multistakeholder Advisory Group for the Internet Governance Forum. His professional focus is on digital policies and diplomacy, in particular cyber security, cyber diplomacy, education and capacity-building for institutions and internet decision-makers. He graduated from the Faculty of Electrical Engineering in Belgrade and has a master’s degree in contemporary diplomacy from the University of Malta, and is a PhD candidate in cyber security.

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Anastasia Roberts

Lt. Col. Anastasia Roberts has been a legal officer in the British Army for 16 years. She served in both Afghanistan and Iraq. She is currently posted to the Office of Legal Affairs at SHAPE, as part of the Operational Law Branch. Her particular area of specialist expertise is legal support to Cyber, Intelligence and Information Operations.

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Patrick Sanders

General Sir Patrick Sanders was commissioned into The Royal Green Jackets in 1986 and spent his early career at Regimental Duty in Germany, Norway and the UK. He has commanded at company, battalion, brigade, and divisional level, including on operations in Northern Ireland (multiple tours), Kosovo (1999 and 2002), Bosnia (2001), Iraq (2007), and Afghanistan (2011-12).

His staff appointments have all been in operational and strategic roles. These have included Brigade Chief of Staff, Directing Staff at the Joint Staff College, Policy/Military adviser for the Commander of Coalition Forces in Iraq in 2003 to 2004, Colonel Army Strategy, a brief tenure as Chief of Defence Staff’s Liaison Officer to the US Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and more recently Head Operations (Military) and Assistant Chief of Defence Staff (Operations) in the Ministry of Defence.

His previous two appointments were GOC 3rd (UK) Division and Commander Field Army. He was promoted to General in May 2019 and assumed the post of Commander Joint Forces Command where he managed the organisation’s move to Strategic Command.

Commander of Strategic Command

The Commander is the head of Strategic Command (UKStratCom) which leads in the cyber domain for defence and manages allocated joint capabilities from the 3 armed services. The commander reports to the Chief of Defence Staff and, as a Top-Level Budget holder, is accountable to the Permanent Under Secretary of the Ministry of Defence.

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Andrew Santangelo

Andrew Santangelo is the Chief Technology Officer of sci_Zone and Principal Architect of the LinkStar Radio System and QuickSAT environment. He has supported the design and development of numerous Satellites, UAVs, near space concept systems and commercial flight systems. He is a Lifetime Associate Fellow of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, and is the Founding Chairman of the AIAA Small Satellite Technical Committee. In recognition for his efforts in the Aerospace Community, Mr. Santangelo received in July 2005 the Distinguished Service Award from the AIAA.

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Jānis Sārts

Since July 2015, Jānis Sārts serves as Director of the NATO Strategic Communications Centre of Excellence, based in Riga. The Centre is a multinational, cross-sector organisation, which provides comprehensive analysis, advice and practical support to the Alliance and allied nations.

As a recognised expert in strategic communications and emerging technologies Jānis Sārts has presented his views to Parliaments of the Federal Republic of Germany, France and Spain. In 2017, he testified before the Senate of the United States on Russia’s disinformation aims and practices. He is a regular speaker at the international conferences on the subjects of disinformation, social media impact and national security aspects of emerging technologies.

Jānis Sārts began his career in the Ministry of Defence in 1994. Over a 20-year career, he has served as Policy Director, Head of the Defence Section of Latvia’s Delegation to NATO and EU and Special Advisor to Georgia on defence reforms and NATO integration plans.

Before taking up his position at the Centre of Excellence, he was State Secretary of the Ministry of Defence, Latvia for seven years (2008 – 2015). During this period, his responsibilities included oversight of defence reform, introduction of new capability development programmes as well as raising management efficiency across armed forces structures.

From 2012 to 2015 J.Sārts was Chair of the National Cyber Security Board. He was responsible for formulating and overseeing the implementation of Latvia’s cybersecurity policy, as well as increasing Latvia’s resilience against cyber-attacks during its EU Council Presidency in 2015.

Jānis Sārts holds a degree in History from the University of Latvia, has graduated from the NATO Defence College and has interned at the Swedish Defense Research Agency. He has received numerous state awards for his contribution to defence reforms, fostering Latvia’s membership to NATO and hosting the NATO Summit in Riga.

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James Shires

James Shires is an Assistant Professor at the Institute for Security and Global Affairs, University of Leiden, a fellow with the Cyber Statecraft Initiative at the Atlantic Council, and an Associate Fellow with The Hague Program for Cyber Norms. He holds a DPhil in International Relations from the University of Oxford, an MSc from Birkbeck College, University of London, and a BA from the University of Cambridge. He has written extensively on cybersecurity and international politics, most recently on disinformation and hack-and-leak operations. He is the author of “The Politics of Cybersecurity in the Middle East” (Hurst, 2021).

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Massimiliano Signoretti

Massimiliano Signoretti is a Lieutenant Colonel in the Italian Air Force and a researcher in the Law Branch of the NATO CCDCOE. His research area is public international law, international humanitarian law and law of armed conflicts. He graduated in law at the University of Rome (La Sapienza) and was admitted to the Law Bar. He also studied at the University of Stockholm, faculty of law and has worked at the Italian Defence General Staff – Office of International Legal Affairs. His career also include four years’ service at the NATO Partnerships Division, ACO SHAPE, Belgium. His academic achievements include a Master´s degree in Strategic International Military Studies and a level II Master's degree in International Humanitarian Law and Law of Armed Conflicts. He is the Director of the NATO CCDCOE International Law of Cyber Operations Course.

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Lydia Snider

Lydia Snider came to US Army Cyber Command via the unusual route of social media marketing. Early 2016 she could tell something was up. Mid-2016 she closed down her marketing business and began obsessively tracking Russian social media shenanigans. She changed her LinkedIn profile to “Social Media Strategist Specializing in Information Warfare” and began giving presentations explaining the Russians’ 2016 tactics. LTG Fogarty recognized the value of an outsider perspective as the military grapples with this issue and hired her on the spot.

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Ryan Speelman

Ryan Speelman is the principal director for the Cyber Security Subdivision at The Aerospace Corporation, where he is focused on the security of space-based systems. The organization he leads is involved in many layers of space cybersecurity from legacy system protection to requirements and program development to advanced research and development techniques. Prior to joining the Cyber Security Subdivision, Speelman spent more than a decade in wireless communications, where he worked on many programs focusing on digital signal processing algorithms and radio frequency–based electronic warfare. He holds both a bachelor’s degree and a master’s degree in electrical engineering from UCLA.

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Jaak Tarien

Colonel Jaak Tarien is the Director of the NATO Cooperative Cyber Defence Centre of Excellence (CCDCOE) based in Estonia since September 2018.
Prior to joining CCDCOE Colonel Tarien served as Commander of Estonian Air Force from August 2012 to July 2018. Among other assignments he has also served as Staff Officer with NATO’s Supreme Allied Command Transformation (ACT), as Deputy Director of the Regional Airspace Surveillance Coordination Centre and as Commander of the Estonian team at the BALTNET Regional Airspace Surveillance Co-ordination Centre in Lithuania.
Colonel Tarien, a graduate of the United States Air Force Academy, earned his Master’s degree from the Air Command and Staff College of the USAF Air University. He recently also acquired Master of Science degree in National Resource Strategy at the U.S. National Defence University.

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Massimo Tedeschi

Massimo Tedeschi is the Leonardo Cyber Division’s Chief Technology Officer (CTO) being responsible for the technology portfolio development and the Division's research and development (R&D) programs.
He also has in charge the innovation process, promoting collaboration with external bodies (eg universities, research centers, startups, …) and participation in European and Defence research projects, exploiting the analysis of the short and long-term company’s needs and focusing the company’s investments to help the organization reaching its business objectives and global market’s positioning.
He has gained a significant government security experience in cyber protection of national strategic infrastructures and assets.

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Nicholas Tsagourias

Nicholas Tsagourias is Professor of International Law at the University of Sheffield. His expertise lies in the fields of international law and the use of force, international humanitarian law, international criminal law and cybersecurity. He is widely published in these fields. He is the editor with Dr Buchan of the Research Handbook on International Law and Cyberspace (second revised and expanded edition forthcoming in 2021).

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Brandon Valeriano

Brandon Valeriano (PhD Vanderbilt University) is the Donald Bren Chair of Military Innovation at the Marine Corps University. He also serves as senior adviser to the Cyber Solarium Commission and a senior fellow at the Cato Institute. Dr Valeriano has published six books and dozens of articles, including Cyber War versus Cyber Reality (2015) and Cyber Strategy (2018), both with Oxford University Press.

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Ann Väljataga

Ann Väljataga joined NATO CCDCOE in December 2016 as an international law researcher. During the first year of working at the CCDCOE, her primary area of expertise was the comparative analysis of national cyber security strategies. Ever since the array has expanded to include domain-specific issues of cyber law, election security and human rights in cyberspace.

Her prior professional experience has predominantly focused on human rights in the digital sphere. In addition to that, she has conducted research on various legal issues regarding migration and equal treatment for UNHCR and Estonian Human Rights Centre and served as a legal counsel for asylum seekers in Estonia. From 2014 – 2016 she was part of research teams studying the fundamental rights implications of biometric border systems and untargeted surveillance at the FRA (European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights). She continues to contribute to the Estonian Human Right Centre´s annual report on Human Rights in Estonia, where she analyses national developments in privacy and data protection.

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Bobby C. Vedral

Bobby Vedral is an investor and founder of MacroEagle, a macro-political newsletter widely read in the financial community. He has 20+ years of experience in investment banking, latest as a partner at Goldman Sachs. He holds an MA in international relations from the London School of Economics and a BA in Business Administration from ESB Reutlingen/ICADE. He is currently a PhD candidate in Modern War Studies at Buckingham University.

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Adrian Venables

Dr Adrian Venables, served in the Royal Navy for 24 years as a Communications, Warfare,  and Intelligence officer. Since leaving the Service, he has published a series of journal articles and research papers on the cyber threat landscape and its use by state and non-state actors for espionage, sabotage, and subversion. Joining TalTech, the Tallinn University of Technology, in Estonia as a senior researcher in 2018, he specialises in cyber strategy and its role in influence operations. He retains his military links by serving as a Commander in the Royal Naval Reserve supporting UK cyber resilience activities in the Baltic region.

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Gábor Visky

Gábor Visky is a technology researcher at NATO CCDCOE. His main field of expertise is industrial control systems focusing on maritime systems. Gábor’s previous assignments include 15 years of designing hardware and software for embedded control systems and researching their vulnerabilities through reverse engineering. Gábor holds an MSc degree in Information Engineering specialising in Industrial Measurement and BSc degree in Telecommunication.

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Bruce W. Watson

Bruce is chief scientist at IP Blox and advisor at Impendo – providing pattern recognition, algorithmic, and AI solutions for cybersecurity and complex-event recognition. He additionally consults to public sector organizations on AI and cybersecurity, while being involved in some startups and serving as research professor at Stellenbosch University (Centre for Artificial Intelligence Research and School for Data-Science & Computational Thinking).

Watson’s first Ph.D is in computing science and engineering from Eindhoven, after studying cryptography, graph algorithmics, and computer science in Waterloo (Canada). He later returned to Eindhoven as chair of Software Construction. Watson’s second Ph.D is from the University of Pretoria.

Parallel to his academic career, he worked as a compiler engineer at several companies (e.g. Microsoft), followed by engineering and architecture work on pattern recognition for security (e.g. for Cisco). Watson has been a presenter, participant and reviewer at several CyCons, mostly recently moderating the Quantum Computing panel in 2018 and the Artificial Intelligence panels in 2019 and 2020.

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David van Weel

David van Weel is NATO’s Assistant Secretary General for Emerging Security Challenges. He is the Secretary General’s primary advisor on emerging security challenges and their implications for the security of the Alliance and a member of the Secretary General’s senior management team.

Prior to joining NATO, David van Weel was the Foreign Policy and Defense Advisor for the Prime Minister of The Netherlands (2016-2020). This position followed a long career in The Netherlands Ministry of Defence, where he ended as Director for International Affairs and Operations/ Policy Director (2014-2016) after serving as the Chief of Cabinet for the Minister of Defence and the Permanent Secretary (2012-2014) and as the senior policy officer for amongst others operations in Afghanistan and Libya, NATO, nuclear policy and disarmament, special operations and the preparation of the Defence Budget.

David started his career in the Royal Netherlands Navy, where, upon completion of the Naval Academy (1994-1999), he served on different frigates, served in the British Royal Navy as an exchange officer, worked as a Staff Officer for Middle and Eastern European countries in the Defence Staff and ended as a Primary Warfare officer and Navigation Officer.

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Michael Widmann

Commander Michael Widmann is the Strategy Branch head for the NATO Cooperative Cyber Defence Centre of Excellence based in Tallinn, Estonia since August 2016.

Michael was commissioned in the US Navy as a Surface Warfare Officer serving aboard USS JUNEAU and USS KITTY HAWK before becoming an Information Professional Officer. Other assignments include: Information Assurance Officer and Knowledge Manager; Officer in Charge of Afghan National Security Forces Networks; Operations Officer at NCTAMSLANT; Service Chief representative at the DARPA; and Staff Officer at the NATO C2 Centre of Excellence.

Commander Widmann earned a Bachelor’s of Science in Economics from the US Naval Academy and a Master’s of Science in Space Systems Operations from US Naval Postgraduate School.

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Jan Wünsche

Jan Wünsche is a researcher in the Strategy branch of the NATO Cooperative Cyber Defence Centre of Excellence (CCDCOE). Jan has worked as a consultant in software development and IT security and has held cyber security positions at the Swedish Parliament and the Swedish Armed Forces. Prior to joining the CCDCOE, he was a Cyber Security Strategist at the Swedish Military Intelligence and Security Service. Jan earned a Master of Science degree in Computer Science from Uppsala University and has been a student at the University of Michigan and the Swedish Defence University. He holds the CISSP (Certified Information Systems Security Professional) and CISA (Certified Information Systems Auditor) certifications.

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Philippe Zotz

Philippe Zotz has a background in Media Studies and Social Informatics and holds a position at the Department for Communications and Information Systems at the Luxembourg Armed Forces Staff. He was seconded to the NATO Cooperative Cyber Defence Centre of Excellence (CCDCOE) and joined the Centre’s Strategy branch in 2020. Apart from Cyber Defense, Phil’s fields of interest also include CIS Security, Online Privacy and Digitalization.

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Robert Buckles

Bio to follow shortly.

Maj. Jessica I. Dawson

MAJ Jessica Dawson serving as the lead research scientist for the Army Cyber Institute’s Information Warfare team and teaches sociology in the Department Behavioral Sciences and Leadership at West Point. She holds a Ph.D. in sociology from Duke University and is currently researching social media and extremism along with the implications of the digital disruption of social processes.

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Artūrs Lavrenovs

Artūrs Lavrenovs is a security researcher at NATO CCDCOE focusing on the web and network technologies while teaching security courses, performing applied and academic research, and contributing to cyber exercises. His current research interests include Internet measurement, connected device classification, and measuring distributed denial-of-service attack potential. Arturs has taught web and technology courses at the University of Latvia, where currently he is a PhD candidate.

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Dana Weinberg

Dana Beth Weinberg, PhD, is Professor of Sociology and Data Science at Queens College and The Graduate Center-City University of New York. She holds a PhD from Harvard University. Her current work focuses on foreign and domestic influence operations on social media, narrative warfare and hate speech, and the social factors that enable radicalization. She has co-developed the WARP framework for understanding weaponization of and radicalization through social narratives. She directs the New War Research Consortium, which brings together civilian and military researchers to collaborate on issues of social cyber warfare and threats to civil society and national security.

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