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New Technology and State Responsibility

Emerging technologies bring new phenomena where the existing legal framework is difficult to be applied and so it has yet to be figured out how to invoke responsibility in these situations. Opportunities and risks deriving from such emerging technologies, such as enhanced cyber capabilities and unintended consequences of State cyber activities, should be both considered in order to find a fair balance of all relevant interests involved, so that international law may prevent conflicts between different States. Thus, this panel will explore the different facets of responsibility for operations conducted by emerging technologies with a view to shaping who – and how – a State can be considered as responsible.