Military Cyber Defence Under Review

The return of war in Europe has called into question the overall approach to security and defence adopted to date by European states as well as the need to improve their ability to defend themselves and their interests, including in cyberspace.  

The new EU Policy on Cyber Defence has committed financial resources and made several proposals showing the EU’s ambition to take a more active stance on its defence. These include an EU Cyber Defence Coordination Centre, greater cooperation of military cyber defence structures as well as the importance of interoperability and trust between stakeholders. How can we ensure complementarity and avoid competition with the existing NATO framework? How can we reconcile the mandates of EU institutions and the competencies of the member states?