Welcome Address and Keynotes Session

State of Play of Collective Countermeasures after Russian Aggression Towards Ukraine (Law)

In May 2019, during CyCon, the Estonian president described the Estonian view on cyber collective countermeasures. Since then, reflecting their unsettled status in customary international law, collective countermeasures have been a subject of increasing discussion. Support for collective countermeasures, particularly in the cyber domain, may be justified in the light of their increasing use during the last twenty years, stemming, among other things, from States’ reactions to Russian aggression in Ukraine.

Network Security from PAN to WAN (Tech)

Network security is the backbone of any complex application and the focus of this session. The session covers topics ranging from Personal Area Networks (PANs) to Wide Area Networks (WANs), covering for the latter, consumer device Bluetooth, secure use of 5G, and securing WANs over public ISPs.

Coalitions of the Willing: Civilian and Military Mechanisms Supporting Ukraine (Strat)

The outbreak of the Ukraine-Russia war in 2022 led to an outpouring of support from governments and industry. Time was of the essence, and overcoming institutional inertia and coordination between donors and recipients was key to ensuring expediency of delivery. This panel discusses how governments spearheaded initiatives such as the Tallinn Mechanism and the IT Coalition for civil and military assistance, the lessons learned from these initiatives, and how these lessons can prepare us for the next crisis response situation.

Applied Artificial Intelligence (Tech)

This session is dedicated to artificial intelligence, principally applications of machine learning and AI methods for solving cyber security problems. Topics include defeating and improving network flow classifiers, firmware vulnerability detection, and risk management methodology for AI systems.

Emerging Technologies in International Law: Discussing the Impact of AI and Autonomous Weapons (Law)

The rapid evolution of emerging technologies such as artificial intelligence (AI) and autonomous weapons is reshaping international law. The ongoing integration of AI into weapons systems has the potential to significantly impact decision-making and command responsibility in military operations. This panel will focus on the implications of technological advances across a range of international law disciplines.

Tallinn Walking Tour: Late Night Special

Tallinn Walking Tour

Coffee Break


Cyber Commanders’ Panel

Every year, over 30 national cyber commanders from allied and partner nations meet in Tallinn to exchange ideas and discuss the challenges and opportunities they face in building national cyber defence. This session will allow the CyCon audience to meet some of the cyber commanders in a public follow-up to the closed meeting and hear a first-hand account of some of the pressing issues in cyber defence.

Keynote by Dr Paul Vixie

Dr Paul Vixie is one of the pioneers of the Internet, he has made important contribution to its technical development and he has also been actively involved in various projects on improving its usability and security. In 2014 Dr Paul Vixie was inducted into the Internet Hall of Fame for work related to DNS and anti-spam technologies.

Coffee Break

Opening Remarks

Cyber Threat Intelligence: Public Private Cooperation (Strat)

With internet service and other infrastructure and service providers now operated by the private sector, there has been a shift towards industry collecting cyber threat intelligence. The role of government has changed to that of being both an intelligence collector and analyst to cyber threat intelligence customers. This panel discusses the tensions between the public and private sectors, with perspectives offered by practitioners from both sectors.