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H.E. Alar Karis

H.E. Alar Karis

Alar Karis is the President of the Republic of Estonia. Until taking office on 11th October 2021, he was the director of the Estonian National Museum (from 2018). President Karis served as the Auditor-General of the Republic of Estonia from 2013-2018, and before that as the rector of the Estonian University of Life Sciences from 2003-2007 and of the University of Tartu from 2007-2012. Most of President Karis’ scientific career has focused on research and teaching in molecular genetics and developmental biology. He has worked at universities in Germany, the United Kingdom and the Netherlands, and joined the University of Tartu as a professor in 1999.

H.E. Alar Karis

H.E. Alar Karis

President of Estonia

Alar Karis is the President of the Republic of Estonia. Until taking office on 11th October 2021, he was the director of the Estonian National Museum (from 2018). President Karis served as the Auditor-General of the Republic of Estonia from 2013-2018, and before that as the rector of the Estonian University of Life Sciences from 2003-2007 and of the University of Tartu from 2007-2012. Most of President Karis’ scientific career has focused on research and teaching in molecular genetics and developmental biology. He has worked at universities in Germany, the United Kingdom and the Netherlands, and joined the University of Tartu as a professor in 1999.

Col. Jaak Tarien

Col. Jaak Tarien

Colonel Jaak Tarien is the Director of the NATO Cooperative Cyber Defence Centre of Excellence (CCDCOE) based in Estonia since September 2018.
Prior to joining CCDCOE Colonel Tarien served as Commander of Estonian Air Force from August 2012 to July 2018. Among other assignments he has also served as Staff Officer with NATO’s Supreme Allied Command Transformation (ACT), as Deputy Director of the Regional Airspace Surveillance Coordination Centre and as Commander of the Estonian team at the BALTNET Regional Airspace Surveillance Co-ordination Centre in Lithuania.
Colonel Tarien, a graduate of the United States Air Force Academy, earned his Master’s degree from the Air Command and Staff College of the USAF Air University. He recently also acquired Master of Science degree in National Resource Strategy at the U.S. National Defence University.

Col. Jaak Tarien

Col. Jaak Tarien

Director, NATO CCDCOE

Colonel Jaak Tarien is the Director of the NATO Cooperative Cyber Defence Centre of Excellence (CCDCOE) based in Estonia since September 2018.
Prior to joining CCDCOE Colonel Tarien served as Commander of Estonian Air Force from August 2012 to July 2018. Among other assignments he has also served as Staff Officer with NATO’s Supreme Allied Command Transformation (ACT), as Deputy Director of the Regional Airspace Surveillance Coordination Centre and as Commander of the Estonian team at the BALTNET Regional Airspace Surveillance Co-ordination Centre in Lithuania.
Colonel Tarien, a graduate of the United States Air Force Academy, earned his Master’s degree from the Air Command and Staff College of the USAF Air University. He recently also acquired Master of Science degree in National Resource Strategy at the U.S. National Defence University.

Margiris Abukevičius

Margiris Abukevičius

Margiris Abukevičius is a Vice-Minister of National Defence of the Republic of Lithuania. He is responsible for international cooperation and cybersecurity.

In his current position, he led national efforts to design a legal framework to ensure that only trusted suppliers can participate in building 5G infrastructure in Lithuania. He is also one of the initiators and developers of the Lithuanian-led PESCO Cyber Rapid Response Teams project.

Margiris Abukevičius has worked at the Ministry of National Defence since 2004. From 2015 to 2019, he worked as a Defence Advisor and Cyber Attaché at the Permanent Representation of Lithuania to the EU, where he contributed to shaping the Lithuanian stance on the EU security and defence, cybersecurity issues.

Margiris Abukevičius holds a BA and a MA received at the Institute of International Relations and Political Science of Vilnius University and has studied in Berlin and Geneva.

Margiris Abukevičius

Margiris Abukevičius

Vice-Minister, Ministry of Defence of Lithuania

Margiris Abukevičius is a Vice-Minister of National Defence of the Republic of Lithuania. He is responsible for international cooperation and cybersecurity.

In his current position, he led national efforts to design a legal framework to ensure that only trusted suppliers can participate in building 5G infrastructure in Lithuania. He is also one of the initiators and developers of the Lithuanian-led PESCO Cyber Rapid Response Teams project.

Margiris Abukevičius has worked at the Ministry of National Defence since 2004. From 2015 to 2019, he worked as a Defence Advisor and Cyber Attaché at the Permanent Representation of Lithuania to the EU, where he contributed to shaping the Lithuanian stance on the EU security and defence, cybersecurity issues.

Margiris Abukevičius holds a BA and a MA received at the Institute of International Relations and Political Science of Vilnius University and has studied in Berlin and Geneva.

Maj. Andrea Ammendola

Maj. Andrea Ammendola

Maj. Andrea Ammendola has worked at the Special Operational Group (ROS) of the Italian Carabinieri Corps since 2005. He first conducted investigations against terrorist attacks conducted against the Italian Military contingent in Iraq. From 2009 to 2013, he was the project manager in ‘project Jweb’, which was aimed at developing a strategy to counter the exploitation on the Internet by al-Qaeda and ISIS. He has authored several strategic analysis reports on the terrorist threats to Italy, in particular the menace of lone actors and the radicalisation process. He contributed to several training missions abroad, in Mauritania, Mali and Iraq, and has been the Carabinieri Corps representative in several Europol analytical projects, including AP Check the Web. He has a BSc in Criminology and Criminal Justice and a Ms in Security and Intelligence.

Maj. Andrea Ammendola

Maj. Andrea Ammendola

Special Operational Group, Carabinieri Corps

Maj. Andrea Ammendola has worked at the Special Operational Group (ROS) of the Italian Carabinieri Corps since 2005. He first conducted investigations against terrorist attacks conducted against the Italian Military contingent in Iraq. From 2009 to 2013, he was the project manager in ‘project Jweb’, which was aimed at developing a strategy to counter the exploitation on the Internet by al-Qaeda and ISIS. He has authored several strategic analysis reports on the terrorist threats to Italy, in particular the menace of lone actors and the radicalisation process. He contributed to several training missions abroad, in Mauritania, Mali and Iraq, and has been the Carabinieri Corps representative in several Europol analytical projects, including AP Check the Web. He has a BSc in Criminology and Criminal Justice and a Ms in Security and Intelligence.

H.E. Yutaka Arima

H.E. Yutaka Arima

Yutaka Arima is the Ambassador in charge of Cyber Policy with the Japanese Ministry of Foreign Affairs. He joined the ministry in 1991 and has served in Washington and New York. In Tokyo, he has experience in Japan-US relations, Japan-China relations, legal affairs and economic assistance among other. He has also been seconded to the Prime Minister’s office. He holds a bachelor’s degree from the Faculty of Law, University of Tokyo, and an LL.M. from Harvard Law School. He is a member of the New York bar.

H.E. Yutaka Arima

H.E. Yutaka Arima

Ambassador in charge of Cyber Policy, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Japan

Yutaka Arima is the Ambassador in charge of Cyber Policy with the Japanese Ministry of Foreign Affairs. He joined the ministry in 1991 and has served in Washington and New York. In Tokyo, he has experience in Japan-US relations, Japan-China relations, legal affairs and economic assistance among other. He has also been seconded to the Prime Minister’s office. He holds a bachelor’s degree from the Faculty of Law, University of Tokyo, and an LL.M. from Harvard Law School. He is a member of the New York bar.

Michael Bátrla

Michael Bátrla

Michael Bátrla is a Researcher at the Institute of Law and Technology, Masaryk University in Brno and a Security consultant in the private sector. Previously, Michael worked for the Czech Ministry of Defense and as a visiting researcher/external author for NATO CCDCOE and NATO StratComCoE. Michael holds a Master’s degree with Honors in Security and Strategic Studies (2020). In his research, Michael focuses on advanced cyber threats, especially ransomware and APT groups, and their impact on warfare.

Michael Bátrla

Michael Bátrla

Institute of Law and Technology, Masaryk University

Michael Bátrla is a Researcher at the Institute of Law and Technology, Masaryk University in Brno and a Security consultant in the private sector. Previously, Michael worked for the Czech Ministry of Defense and as a visiting researcher/external author for NATO CCDCOE and NATO StratComCoE. Michael holds a Master’s degree with Honors in Security and Strategic Studies (2020). In his research, Michael focuses on advanced cyber threats, especially ransomware and APT groups, and their impact on warfare.

Tsvetelina van Benthem

Tsvetelina van Benthem

Tsvetelina van Benthem is a research officer at the Oxford Institute for Ethics, Law and Armed Conflict where she works on the Oxford Process on International Law Protections in Cyberspace. She is a lecturer in International Law for the Diplomatic Studies Programme at Oxford University and a DPhil candidate at Merton College. Her DPhil examines the regulation of accidents and mistakes under the law of armed conflict and international criminal law, with a focus on emerging technologies. Tsvetelina is also the president of the Bulgarian-registered educational NGO Centre for International Law ‘Erga Omnes’ and the co-convenor of the Oxford Transitional Justice Research group.

Tsvetelina van Benthem

Tsvetelina van Benthem

Research Officer, Oxford Institute for Ethics, Law and Armed Conflict

Tsvetelina van Benthem is a research officer at the Oxford Institute for Ethics, Law and Armed Conflict where she works on the Oxford Process on International Law Protections in Cyberspace. She is a lecturer in International Law for the Diplomatic Studies Programme at Oxford University and a DPhil candidate at Merton College. Her DPhil examines the regulation of accidents and mistakes under the law of armed conflict and international criminal law, with a focus on emerging technologies. Tsvetelina is also the president of the Bulgarian-registered educational NGO Centre for International Law ‘Erga Omnes’ and the co-convenor of the Oxford Transitional Justice Research group.

Bernhards Blumbergs

Bernhards Blumbergs

Dr Bernhards Blumbergs is a lead cyber-security expert at the Information Technology Security Incident Response Institution of the Republic of Latvia (CERT.LV) and as the former Technology Researcher at the NATO Cooperative Cyber Defence Centre of Excellence (NATO CCDCoE) also the Ambassador of the Centre since 2018. He is the creator and the technical director for the world’s largest and most innovative full-spectrum offensive cyber operation exercise Crossed Swords. He is a certified exploit researcher and advanced penetration tester (GXPN), and Industrial Cyber Security Professional (GICSP). He has a strong military background, targeted at developing, administering and securing wide area information systems. Dr Blumbergs received his Computer Science PhD degree in Cyber Security from Tallinn Technical University in 2019, with his dissertation being on specialized cyber red team responsive computer network operations.

Bernhards Blumbergs

Bernhards Blumbergs

Lead cybersecurity expert, CERT.LV

Dr Bernhards Blumbergs is a lead cyber-security expert at the Information Technology Security Incident Response Institution of the Republic of Latvia (CERT.LV) and as the former Technology Researcher at the NATO Cooperative Cyber Defence Centre of Excellence (NATO CCDCoE) also the Ambassador of the Centre since 2018. He is the creator and the technical director for the world’s largest and most innovative full-spectrum offensive cyber operation exercise Crossed Swords. He is a certified exploit researcher and advanced penetration tester (GXPN), and Industrial Cyber Security Professional (GICSP). He has a strong military background, targeted at developing, administering and securing wide area information systems. Dr Blumbergs received his Computer Science PhD degree in Cyber Security from Tallinn Technical University in 2019, with his dissertation being on specialized cyber red team responsive computer network operations.

Roman Boiarchuk

Roman Boiarchuk

Roman Boiarchuk is a founding member and Head of the Board of the Ukrainian association International Cybersecurity University, and former Head of Ukrainian State Centre for Cyberprotection.

Roman Boiarchuk

Roman Boiarchuk

Head of Board, International Cybersecurity University

Roman Boiarchuk is a founding member and Head of the Board of the Ukrainian association International Cybersecurity University, and former Head of Ukrainian State Centre for Cyberprotection.

Manfred Boudreaux-Dehmer

Manfred Boudreaux-Dehmer

Manfred Boudreaux-Dehmer is the inaugural Chief Information Officer (CIO) of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). He commenced his position at NATO Headquarters in Brussels, Belgium on September 1, 2021. His principal responsibility is to realise the Allies’ vision for Information and Communications Technology (ICT) in support of NATO’s purpose to guarantee the freedom and security of its 30 member nations. Under the mandate of the North Atlantic Council, and under the delegated authority of the NATO Secretary General, he is tasked with facilitating ICT coherence across NATO’s 41 civil and military bodies with 25,000 users. He also performs the Chief Information Security Officer (CISO) function as the single point of authority for all cybersecurity issues.

Manfred Boudreaux-Dehmer

Manfred Boudreaux-Dehmer

Chief Information Officer, NATO

Manfred Boudreaux-Dehmer is the inaugural Chief Information Officer (CIO) of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). He commenced his position at NATO Headquarters in Brussels, Belgium on September 1, 2021. His principal responsibility is to realise the Allies’ vision for Information and Communications Technology (ICT) in support of NATO’s purpose to guarantee the freedom and security of its 30 member nations. Under the mandate of the North Atlantic Council, and under the delegated authority of the NATO Secretary General, he is tasked with facilitating ICT coherence across NATO’s 41 civil and military bodies with 25,000 users. He also performs the Chief Information Security Officer (CISO) function as the single point of authority for all cybersecurity issues.

Russel Buchan

Russel Buchan

Russell Buchan is Senior Lecturer in International Law at the University of Sheffield, UK. He has published widely in the field of public international law, including three monographs: International Law and the Construction of the Liberal Peace (Hart, 2013), Cyber Espionage and International Law (Hart, 2018) and Regulating the Use of Force in International Law: Stability and Change (Edward Elgar Publishing, 2021). He is also Co-Editor in Chief of the Journal of International Humanitarian Legal Studies.

Russel Buchan

Russel Buchan

Senior Lecturer in International Law at the University of Sheffield

Russell Buchan is Senior Lecturer in International Law at the University of Sheffield, UK. He has published widely in the field of public international law, including three monographs: International Law and the Construction of the Liberal Peace (Hart, 2013), Cyber Espionage and International Law (Hart, 2018) and Regulating the Use of Force in International Law: Stability and Change (Edward Elgar Publishing, 2021). He is also Co-Editor in Chief of the Journal of International Humanitarian Legal Studies.

Lee Bygrave

Lee Bygrave

Professor Bygrave is Director of the Norwegian Research Center for Computers and Law, University of Oslo, Academic Affiliate with the Centre for Health, Law and Emerging Technologies, University of Oxford, and has had teaching and research fellowships at, inter alia, the Australian National University, Stockholm University, Tel Aviv University, and Tartu University. He has extensive expertise on cybersecurity law and is also regarded as one of the world’s leading authorities on data protection law. He has functioned as expert advisor on cybersecurity regulation for the Norwegian government.

Lee Bygrave

Lee Bygrave

Norwegian Research Center for Computers and Law, University of Oslo

Professor Bygrave is Director of the Norwegian Research Center for Computers and Law, University of Oslo, Academic Affiliate with the Centre for Health, Law and Emerging Technologies, University of Oxford, and has had teaching and research fellowships at, inter alia, the Australian National University, Stockholm University, Tel Aviv University, and Tartu University. He has extensive expertise on cybersecurity law and is also regarded as one of the world’s leading authorities on data protection law. He has functioned as expert advisor on cybersecurity regulation for the Norwegian government.

Catharina Candolin

Catharina Candolin

Dr Candolin is currently working as a cyber security expert in the finance sector, at OP Group, and is a board member of SSH Communications Security Corporation. Previously, she has been the Chief of the Cyber Defence Section at the Finnish Defence Forces and a policy advisor at NATO HQ.

Catharina Candolin

Catharina Candolin

OP Group & Board member of SSH Communications Security Corporation

Dr Candolin is currently working as a cyber security expert in the finance sector, at OP Group, and is a board member of SSH Communications Security Corporation. Previously, she has been the Chief of the Cyber Defence Section at the Finnish Defence Forces and a policy advisor at NATO HQ.

Laetitia Cesari Zarkan

Laetitia Cesari Zarkan

Laetitia Cesari Zarkan is currently the Co-Lead of the SGAC (Space Generation Advisory Council) Space and Cyber Project Group. She is also a doctoral researcher in Space Law and Cyber Law at the University of Luxembourg and a visiting researcher at the International Institute of Air and Space Law of Leiden University. Her primary research areas are legal and political issues related to space safety, security, stability and sustainability.

Laetitia Cesari Zarkan

Laetitia Cesari Zarkan

SGAC Space and Cyber Project Group; Luxembourg University

Laetitia Cesari Zarkan is currently the Co-Lead of the SGAC (Space Generation Advisory Council) Space and Cyber Project Group. She is also a doctoral researcher in Space Law and Cyber Law at the University of Luxembourg and a visiting researcher at the International Institute of Air and Space Law of Leiden University. Her primary research areas are legal and political issues related to space safety, security, stability and sustainability.

Philippe Charland

Philippe Charland

Philippe Charland is a Defence Scientist at Defence Research and Development Canada – Valcartier Research Centre, in the Mission Critical Cyber Security Section, where he leads the Systems Vulnerabilities and Lethality Group. His research focuses on software reverse engineering, more specifically on the development of binary analysis tools to accelerate the reverse engineering process involved in malware and embedded software analysis. Mr Charland holds a bachelor and a master’s degree in Computer Science, both from Concordia University, Montreal, Canada.

Philippe Charland

Philippe Charland

Defence Research and Development Canada

Philippe Charland is a Defence Scientist at Defence Research and Development Canada – Valcartier Research Centre, in the Mission Critical Cyber Security Section, where he leads the Systems Vulnerabilities and Lethality Group. His research focuses on software reverse engineering, more specifically on the development of binary analysis tools to accelerate the reverse engineering process involved in malware and embedded software analysis. Mr Charland holds a bachelor and a master’s degree in Computer Science, both from Concordia University, Montreal, Canada.

Pete Cooper

Pete Cooper

Pete is Deputy Director Cyber Defence in the Cabinet Office where he looks over the Government sector, being responsible for the Government Cyber Security Strategy, policies, standards and serious/cross government cyber incidents. His leadership and experience stretch across multiple military domains, private and public sector and he also founded the Aerospace Village at DEFCON. He has a postgraduate degree in Cyberspace Operations from Cranfield University, is a Non-Resident Senior Fellow at the Cyber Statecraft Initiative of the Scowcroft Centre for Strategy and Security at the Atlantic Council, and a Visiting Senior Research Fellow in the Department of War Studies, King’s College London.

Pete Cooper

Pete Cooper

Deputy Director Cyber Defence, UK Cabinet Office

Pete is Deputy Director Cyber Defence in the Cabinet Office where he looks over the Government sector, being responsible for the Government Cyber Security Strategy, policies, standards and serious/cross government cyber incidents. His leadership and experience stretch across multiple military domains, private and public sector and he also founded the Aerospace Village at DEFCON. He has a postgraduate degree in Cyberspace Operations from Cranfield University, is a Non-Resident Senior Fellow at the Cyber Statecraft Initiative of the Scowcroft Centre for Strategy and Security at the Atlantic Council, and a Visiting Senior Research Fellow in the Department of War Studies, King’s College London.

Sebastian Cymutta

Sebastian Cymutta

Sebastian Cymutta is a law researcher at the NATO Cooperative Cyber Defence Centre of Excellence. His focus is the application of international law to cyber operations as well as to emerging technologies.

Sebastian Cymutta

Sebastian Cymutta

Law Researcher, NATO CCDCOE

Sebastian Cymutta is a law researcher at the NATO Cooperative Cyber Defence Centre of Excellence. His focus is the application of international law to cyber operations as well as to emerging technologies.

Maj. Seth Dilworth

Maj. Seth Dilworth

Major Dilworth is a Space Law attorney in the operations law domain for the United States Air Force. Major Dilworth advises the Air Force and Space Force on current and future space operations, international agreements and treaties, command and doctrine, and Total Force matters.

Maj. Seth Dilworth

Maj. Seth Dilworth

United States Air Force

Major Dilworth is a Space Law attorney in the operations law domain for the United States Air Force. Major Dilworth advises the Air Force and Space Force on current and future space operations, international agreements and treaties, command and doctrine, and Total Force matters.

Brig. Gen. Paul Ducheine

Brig. Gen. Paul Ducheine

Brigadier-general Paul Ducheine is a Professor for Cyber Warfare at the Netherlands Defence Academy and endowed Professor in the Law of Military Cyber Operations. He started his career as a combat engineer (in West-Germany), and joined the Army Legal Service in 1998.

Brig. Gen. Paul Ducheine

Brig. Gen. Paul Ducheine

Professor for Cyber Warfare, Netherlands Defence Academy; endowed Professor in the Law of Military Cyber Operations

Brigadier-general Paul Ducheine is a Professor for Cyber Warfare at the Netherlands Defence Academy and endowed Professor in the Law of Military Cyber Operations. He started his career as a combat engineer (in West-Germany), and joined the Army Legal Service in 1998.

Andrew Dwyer

Andrew Dwyer

Dr Andrew Dwyer is an Addison Wheeler Research Fellow at Durham University and is co-lead of the Offensive Cyber Working Group.

Andrew Dwyer

Andrew Dwyer

Durham University

Dr Andrew Dwyer is an Addison Wheeler Research Fellow at Durham University and is co-lead of the Offensive Cyber Working Group.

Steffen Enders

Steffen Enders

Steffen Enders is a Security Researcher at Fraunhofer FKIE’s Cyber Analysis & Defence Department and a PhD candidate at the University of Bonn. His PhD research focuses on developing new decompilation approaches to facilitate malware analysis and program analysis in general. Simultaneously, Steffen is also involved in various teaching activities at the University of Bonn and H-BRS in St. Augustin.

Steffen Enders

Steffen Enders

Security Researcher, Fraunhofer Institute for Communication, Information Processing and Ergonomics (FKIE)

Steffen Enders is a Security Researcher at Fraunhofer FKIE’s Cyber Analysis & Defence Department and a PhD candidate at the University of Bonn. His PhD research focuses on developing new decompilation approaches to facilitate malware analysis and program analysis in general. Simultaneously, Steffen is also involved in various teaching activities at the University of Bonn and H-BRS in St. Augustin.

Amy Ertan 

Amy Ertan 

Amy Ertan is an Information Security Doctoral Candidate at Royal Holloway (University of London), a Cybersecurity Fellow at the Belfer Center (Harvard Kennedy School) and a non-resident Visiting Scholar at the NATO CCDCOE. Her PhD research focuses on the security implications of emerging technology in a military context. Amy is the Co-Lead of the Offensive Cyber Working Group and is a co-author on the recent King’s Policy Institute Report: ’The National Cyber Force that Britain Needs?’. She holds CISSP and CRTIA qualifications and has previously worked in cyber-wargame scenario design, human factors security research. and strategic cyber intelligence.

Amy Ertan 

Amy Ertan 

Amy Ertan is an Information Security Doctoral Candidate at Royal Holloway (University of London), a Cybersecurity Fellow at the Belfer Center (Harvard Kennedy School) and a non-resident Visiting Scholar at the NATO CCDCOE. Her PhD research focuses on the security implications of emerging technology in a military context. Amy is the Co-Lead of the Offensive Cyber Working Group and is a co-author on the recent King’s Policy Institute Report: ’The National Cyber Force that Britain Needs?’. She holds CISSP and CRTIA qualifications and has previously worked in cyber-wargame scenario design, human factors security research. and strategic cyber intelligence.

Mieke Eoyang

Mieke Eoyang

Mieke Eoyang is the Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Cyber Policy at the US Department of Defense. She is responsible for establishing DoD cyberspace policy and strategy, providing guidance and oversight on DoD cyberspace activities, and managing DoD’s relationships across the US government, with domestic stakeholders, and allies and partners. Previously, she was the Senior Vice President for the National Security Program at the think tank, Third Way. She also served in a number of professional staff positions in the United States Congress. She received her Juris Doctor from the University of California, Hastings College of the Law, and her Bachelor’s Degree from Wellesley College.

Mieke Eoyang

Mieke Eoyang

Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Cyber Policy, US Department of Defense

Mieke Eoyang is the Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Cyber Policy at the US Department of Defense. She is responsible for establishing DoD cyberspace policy and strategy, providing guidance and oversight on DoD cyberspace activities, and managing DoD’s relationships across the US government, with domestic stakeholders, and allies and partners. Previously, she was the Senior Vice President for the National Security Program at the think tank, Third Way. She also served in a number of professional staff positions in the United States Congress. She received her Juris Doctor from the University of California, Hastings College of the Law, and her Bachelor’s Degree from Wellesley College.

Kenneth Geers

Kenneth Geers

Dr Geers is a NATO CCDCOE Ambassador, an Atlantic Council Senior Fellow, and was a Visiting Professor at the Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv in Ukraine from 2014-2017.

Kenneth Geers

Kenneth Geers

Very Good Security

Dr Geers is a NATO CCDCOE Ambassador, an Atlantic Council Senior Fellow, and was a Visiting Professor at the Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv in Ukraine from 2014-2017.

Keir Giles

Keir Giles

Keir Giles is a Senior Consulting Fellow with the Russia and Eurasia Programme at Chatham House in London, and also serves as Research Director for the Conflict Studies Research Centre, formerly part of the UK Ministry of Defence. Keir oversees CSRC’s research and publication programmes, while continuing to focus on his own specialist area of the Russian approach to cyber and information warfare. He is the author of ‘Moscow Rules: What Drives Russia to Confront the West’ (2019), as well as a significant number of studies on Russian theory, doctrine, and structures for engaging in information and cyber confrontation.

Keir Giles

Keir Giles

Senior Consulting Fellow with the Russia and Eurasia Programme at Chatham House in London

Keir Giles is a Senior Consulting Fellow with the Russia and Eurasia Programme at Chatham House in London, and also serves as Research Director for the Conflict Studies Research Centre, formerly part of the UK Ministry of Defence. Keir oversees CSRC’s research and publication programmes, while continuing to focus on his own specialist area of the Russian approach to cyber and information warfare. He is the author of ‘Moscow Rules: What Drives Russia to Confront the West’ (2019), as well as a significant number of studies on Russian theory, doctrine, and structures for engaging in information and cyber confrontation.

Nathaniel Gleicher

Nathaniel Gleicher

Nathaniel Gleicher is the Head of Security Policy at Meta, where he leads the company-wide effort to counter emerging and persistent threats across their platforms, including influence operations, cyber-espionage and cyber security risks. He is an engineer and lawyer, and has worked in security for more than fifteen years. He has taught computer science, built and secured computer networks, and prosecuted cyber crime and the US Department of Justice, served as director for cyber security policy at the National Security Council (NSC) in the White House, and as head of cyber security strategy at Illumio. At the NSC, he developed US government policy on key technology and cyber security challenges, including encryption, cyber deterrence, internet governance and network security.

Nathaniel Gleicher

Nathaniel Gleicher

Head of Security Policy, Meta

Nathaniel Gleicher is the Head of Security Policy at Meta, where he leads the company-wide effort to counter emerging and persistent threats across their platforms, including influence operations, cyber-espionage and cyber security risks. He is an engineer and lawyer, and has worked in security for more than fifteen years. He has taught computer science, built and secured computer networks, and prosecuted cyber crime and the US Department of Justice, served as director for cyber security policy at the National Security Council (NSC) in the White House, and as head of cyber security strategy at Illumio. At the NSC, he developed US government policy on key technology and cyber security challenges, including encryption, cyber deterrence, internet governance and network security.

Miguel Alberto Gomez

Miguel Alberto Gomez

Dr Miguel Alberto Gomez is a Senior Researcher with the Center for Security Studies (CSS) at the ETH in Zurich, Switzerland. He holds a Master’s degree in International Security from the Institut Barcelona d’Estudis Internacionals and is a doctoral candidate at the Universität Hildesheim. His primary area of study centers around the politics of cybersecurity. Specifically, he is interested in the strategic use of cyberspace as an instrument of foreign policy and the cognitive and affective factors that influence perception, preferences, and behavior among policy-makers and the public in this human-made environment.

Miguel Alberto Gomez

Miguel Alberto Gomez

Senior Researcher, Center for Security Studies, ETH Zurich

Dr Miguel Alberto Gomez is a Senior Researcher with the Center for Security Studies (CSS) at the ETH in Zurich, Switzerland. He holds a Master’s degree in International Security from the Institut Barcelona d’Estudis Internacionals and is a doctoral candidate at the Universität Hildesheim. His primary area of study centers around the politics of cybersecurity. Specifically, he is interested in the strategic use of cyberspace as an instrument of foreign policy and the cognitive and affective factors that influence perception, preferences, and behavior among policy-makers and the public in this human-made environment.

Cmdr. Paul Grøstad

Cmdr. Paul Grøstad

Cmdr. Paul Grøstad has served in the Norwegian Armed Forces since 1993, mainly in the fields of Signals, CIS, Cyberoperations and C4ISR. He has worked at all levels of the Norwegian Joint Force and has 15 years of experience in the NATO Command structure. He graduated from the Norwegian Joint Command and Staff College in 2017. He has worked in NATO HQ SACT in Norfolk, Virginia, USA since 2019, under DCOS Strategic Plans & Policy as the Deputy BH for Concept Development. He is responsible for the overall assurance and coordination of NATO, COE and national concept development efforts. He is also the lead for developing a NATO  Concept for Cognitive Warfare, as part of the implementation of the NATO Warfighting Capstone concept (NWCC).

Cmdr. Paul Grøstad

Cmdr. Paul Grøstad

Deputy Branch Head Concept Development, NATO HQ SACT

Cmdr. Paul Grøstad has served in the Norwegian Armed Forces since 1993, mainly in the fields of Signals, CIS, Cyberoperations and C4ISR. He has worked at all levels of the Norwegian Joint Force and has 15 years of experience in the NATO Command structure. He graduated from the Norwegian Joint Command and Staff College in 2017. He has worked in NATO HQ SACT in Norfolk, Virginia, USA since 2019, under DCOS Strategic Plans & Policy as the Deputy BH for Concept Development. He is responsible for the overall assurance and coordination of NATO, COE and national concept development efforts. He is also the lead for developing a NATO  Concept for Cognitive Warfare, as part of the implementation of the NATO Warfighting Capstone concept (NWCC).

Maj. Emre Halisdemir

Maj. Emre Halisdemir

Major Emre Halisdemir worked in various units of the Turkish Air Force. He is currently working as a strategy researcher at the NATO Cooperative Cyber Defence Centre of Excellence (CCDCOE) in Tallinn, Estonia. He received his M.S. degree in computer engineering from Turkish National Defense University Hezârfen Aeronautics and Space Technologies Institute in 2011. He is still pursuing his Ph.D. in computer engineering at Gazi University. His main area of ​​expertise is artificial intelligence-based cybersecurity solutions.

Maj. Emre Halisdemir

Maj. Emre Halisdemir

Strategy Researcher, NATO CCDCOE

Major Emre Halisdemir worked in various units of the Turkish Air Force. He is currently working as a strategy researcher at the NATO Cooperative Cyber Defence Centre of Excellence (CCDCOE) in Tallinn, Estonia. He received his M.S. degree in computer engineering from Turkish National Defense University Hezârfen Aeronautics and Space Technologies Institute in 2011. He is still pursuing his Ph.D. in computer engineering at Gazi University. His main area of ​​expertise is artificial intelligence-based cybersecurity solutions.

Kim Hartmann

Kim Hartmann

Kim Hartmann is a senior consultant and researcher in the fields of cyber, network and software security. As a computer scientist and mathematician, she combines profound technical knowledge with an in-depth analysis of the geopolitical context of cyber incidents. Her fields of excellence are risk assessment, data and privacy protection and secure software development. She has advised private, military and governmental organisations for over a decade on the assessment of cyber incidents, the integration of security in existing technologies as well as the protection of networks and software.

Kim Hartmann

Kim Hartmann

Cyber and Information Technology Director, Conflict Studies Research Centre

Kim Hartmann is a senior consultant and researcher in the fields of cyber, network and software security. As a computer scientist and mathematician, she combines profound technical knowledge with an in-depth analysis of the geopolitical context of cyber incidents. Her fields of excellence are risk assessment, data and privacy protection and secure software development. She has advised private, military and governmental organisations for over a decade on the assessment of cyber incidents, the integration of security in existing technologies as well as the protection of networks and software.

Deborah Housen-Couriel

Deborah Housen-Couriel

Deborah A. Housen-Couriel is chief legal officer and VP Regulation of the Israeli cybersecurity firm Konfidas. She teaches international and Israeli cyber law at Hebrew University, where she serves on the advisory board of the Federmann Cyber Security Research Center. Deborah was a member of the Tallinn 2.0 Manual group of experts and co-chaired the Law and Regulation Committee of Israel’s National Cyber Initiative. Her current research interests include regulatory regimes mandating cyber information-sharing, and the intersection of cyber law and outer-space law.

Deborah Housen-Couriel

Deborah Housen-Couriel

Chief legal advisor at Konfidas, lecturer at Hebrew University of Jerusalem

Deborah A. Housen-Couriel is chief legal officer and VP Regulation of the Israeli cybersecurity firm Konfidas. She teaches international and Israeli cyber law at Hebrew University, where she serves on the advisory board of the Federmann Cyber Security Research Center. Deborah was a member of the Tallinn 2.0 Manual group of experts and co-chaired the Law and Regulation Committee of Israel’s National Cyber Initiative. Her current research interests include regulatory regimes mandating cyber information-sharing, and the intersection of cyber law and outer-space law.

Hannu H. Kari

Hannu H. Kari

Professor Kari received his Doctor of Science (in Technology) degree in 1997 in Computer Science from Helsinki University of Technology. He has been qualified for a professor positions twice at Helsinki University of Technology and once at Helsinki University. In addition, he holds two titles of Docent on the areas of “Networking technology” and “Wireless Internet” at Aalto University, in Finland. Kari has been working as a professor and a research director at National Defence University (NDU), Finland since 2007. Before that he worked as a professor, head of laboratory and director of research institute at Helsinki University of Technology (HUT) over nine years. He also has various experiences in companies, such as Nokia. His areas of expertise are strategic leadership, cyber security and technology, innovation process and protecting intellectual property rights (he is an inventor in 30+ patents), academic and scientific quality control and management.

Hannu H. Kari

Hannu H. Kari

Professor, National Defence University, Finland

Professor Kari received his Doctor of Science (in Technology) degree in 1997 in Computer Science from Helsinki University of Technology. He has been qualified for a professor positions twice at Helsinki University of Technology and once at Helsinki University. In addition, he holds two titles of Docent on the areas of “Networking technology” and “Wireless Internet” at Aalto University, in Finland. Kari has been working as a professor and a research director at National Defence University (NDU), Finland since 2007. Before that he worked as a professor, head of laboratory and director of research institute at Helsinki University of Technology (HUT) over nine years. He also has various experiences in companies, such as Nokia. His areas of expertise are strategic leadership, cyber security and technology, innovation process and protecting intellectual property rights (he is an inventor in 30+ patents), academic and scientific quality control and management.

Kadri Kaska

Kadri Kaska

Kadri Kaska is a Senior Cybersecurity Expert at the e-Governance Academy since spring 2022. Prior to her current role, she worked for well over a decade at the NATO CCDCOE as the Head of the Law Branch and a cybersecurity legal and policy researcher, with her main areas of expertise being national cybersecurity strategy and governance frameworks, and law applicable to state cyber activities. Between 2017–18, Kadri was seconded to the Estonian Information System Authority, where she worked as a lead cyber policy and threat analyst, and was the lead author and editor of annual Estonian Cybersecurity Assessments. She was one of the authors of Estonia’s Cybersecurity Act and the 2018 Cybersecurity Strategy.

Kadri’s early career was in telecommunications – as a legal adviser at the Estonian national communications and competition regulators, she provided legal support in issues ranging from spectrum management and standardisation to telecommunications market regulation and legal drafting. Kadri has also worked with several international and regional organisations in cybersecurity capacity building over the years. She holds a master degree in law from the University of Tartu. She speaks Estonian, English, and Swedish.

Kadri Kaska

Kadri Kaska

Head of Law Branch, NATO CCDCOE

Kadri Kaska is a Senior Cybersecurity Expert at the e-Governance Academy since spring 2022. Prior to her current role, she worked for well over a decade at the NATO CCDCOE as the Head of the Law Branch and a cybersecurity legal and policy researcher, with her main areas of expertise being national cybersecurity strategy and governance frameworks, and law applicable to state cyber activities. Between 2017–18, Kadri was seconded to the Estonian Information System Authority, where she worked as a lead cyber policy and threat analyst, and was the lead author and editor of annual Estonian Cybersecurity Assessments. She was one of the authors of Estonia’s Cybersecurity Act and the 2018 Cybersecurity Strategy.

Kadri’s early career was in telecommunications – as a legal adviser at the Estonian national communications and competition regulators, she provided legal support in issues ranging from spectrum management and standardisation to telecommunications market regulation and legal drafting. Kadri has also worked with several international and regional organisations in cybersecurity capacity building over the years. She holds a master degree in law from the University of Tartu. She speaks Estonian, English, and Swedish.

Sokratis K. Katsikas

Sokratis K. Katsikas

Sokratis K. Katsikas is the Director of the Norwegian Center for Cybersecurity in Critical Sectors and Professor with the Department of Information Security and Communication Technology, Norwegian University of Science and Technology. He has authored or co-authored more than 300 journal papers, book chapters and conference proceedings papers. He is serving on the editorial board of several scientific journals, he has co-authored/edited 46 books and has served on/chaired the technical programme committee of more than 800 international scientific conferences. He chairs the steering committee of the ESORICS conferences and he is the Editor-in-Chief of the International Journal of Information Security.

Sokratis K. Katsikas

Sokratis K. Katsikas

Director, Norwegian Center for Cybersecurity in Critical Sectors

Sokratis K. Katsikas is the Director of the Norwegian Center for Cybersecurity in Critical Sectors and Professor with the Department of Information Security and Communication Technology, Norwegian University of Science and Technology. He has authored or co-authored more than 300 journal papers, book chapters and conference proceedings papers. He is serving on the editorial board of several scientific journals, he has co-authored/edited 46 books and has served on/chaired the technical programme committee of more than 800 international scientific conferences. He chairs the steering committee of the ESORICS conferences and he is the Editor-in-Chief of the International Journal of Information Security.

Lucas Kello

Lucas Kello

Lucas Kello is Associate Professor of International Relations at Oxford University. He serves as Senior Lecturer in the Department of Politics and International Relations and as co-Director of the interdisciplinary Centre for Doctoral Training in Cyber Security in the Department of Computer Science. His publications include The Virtual Weapon and International Order (Yale University Press), “Cyber Legalism: Why It Fails and What to Do about It” in the Journal of Cybersecurity, and “The Meaning of the Cyber Revolution: Perils to Theory and Statecraft” in International Security.

Lucas Kello

Lucas Kello

Associate Professor of International Relations, Senior Lecturer, Co-Director of the Centre for Doctoral Training in Cyber Security, Oxford University

Lucas Kello is Associate Professor of International Relations at Oxford University. He serves as Senior Lecturer in the Department of Politics and International Relations and as co-Director of the interdisciplinary Centre for Doctoral Training in Cyber Security in the Department of Computer Science. His publications include The Virtual Weapon and International Order (Yale University Press), “Cyber Legalism: Why It Fails and What to Do about It” in the Journal of Cybersecurity, and “The Meaning of the Cyber Revolution: Perils to Theory and Statecraft” in International Security.

Mikko Kiviharju

Mikko Kiviharju

Dr Mikko Kiviharju works in Finnish Defence Research Agency. His area of expertise is cryptography in various government contexts, an occupation he has now been pursuing for nearly 20 years. His latest focus areas include quantum-resistant cryptography and cryptographic key management in IoT environments.

Mikko Kiviharju

Mikko Kiviharju

Finnish Defence Research Agency

Dr Mikko Kiviharju works in Finnish Defence Research Agency. His area of expertise is cryptography in various government contexts, an occupation he has now been pursuing for nearly 20 years. His latest focus areas include quantum-resistant cryptography and cryptographic key management in IoT environments.

Liesje Klomp

Liesje Klomp

Liesje Klomp has been counsellor at the Political and Security Department of the Permanent Representation of the Kingdom of the Netherlands to the EU and NATO since 2020, covering cyber issues. She started her career at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in 2009 working on internal European affairs. From 2011-2013 she served at the Dutch embassy in Buenos Aires, Argentina, heading the political, press and cultural affairs department. She returned to The Hague to work for the ministry’s Political Director. From 2016-2020 she worked at the Dutch embassy in Washington, DC at the political department where she covered counterterrorism and the Western hemisphere including the Organization of American States. She has a masters degree in political science from Leiden University, and in European Studies and in French language and culture from the University of Amsterdam and Sorbonne Nouvelle, Paris.

Liesje Klomp

Liesje Klomp

Counsellor, Political and Security Department, Permanent Representation of the Kingdom of the Netherlands to the EU and NATO

Liesje Klomp has been counsellor at the Political and Security Department of the Permanent Representation of the Kingdom of the Netherlands to the EU and NATO since 2020, covering cyber issues. She started her career at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in 2009 working on internal European affairs. From 2011-2013 she served at the Dutch embassy in Buenos Aires, Argentina, heading the political, press and cultural affairs department. She returned to The Hague to work for the ministry’s Political Director. From 2016-2020 she worked at the Dutch embassy in Washington, DC at the political department where she covered counterterrorism and the Western hemisphere including the Organization of American States. She has a masters degree in political science from Leiden University, and in European Studies and in French language and culture from the University of Amsterdam and Sorbonne Nouvelle, Paris.

Casper Klynge

Casper Klynge

Casper Klynge is Microsoft’s Vice President for European Government Affairs with responsibility for all of Microsoft’s government affairs and public policy work across the continent. He serves on the senior leadership team of Microsoft’s CELA group. Prior to joining Microsoft, Casper most recently served as Denmark’s (the world’s first) Ambassador to the global tech industry. Previous posts include: Ambassador to Indonesia, Timor Leste, Papua New Guinea and ASEAN (2014-2017), Ambassador to the Republic of Cyprus (2013-2014), Deputy Head of NATO’s Provincial Reconstruction Team in Helmand Province, Afghanistan and Head of Mission of the EU’s civilian crisis management planning mission in Kosovo (2006-2008). Casper holds a M.Sc. in Political Science and is a 2009 Marshall Memorial Fellow.

Casper Klynge

Casper Klynge

VP European Government Affairs, Microsoft

Casper Klynge is Microsoft’s Vice President for European Government Affairs with responsibility for all of Microsoft’s government affairs and public policy work across the continent. He serves on the senior leadership team of Microsoft’s CELA group. Prior to joining Microsoft, Casper most recently served as Denmark’s (the world’s first) Ambassador to the global tech industry. Previous posts include: Ambassador to Indonesia, Timor Leste, Papua New Guinea and ASEAN (2014-2017), Ambassador to the Republic of Cyprus (2013-2014), Deputy Head of NATO’s Provincial Reconstruction Team in Helmand Province, Afghanistan and Head of Mission of the EU’s civilian crisis management planning mission in Kosovo (2006-2008). Casper holds a M.Sc. in Political Science and is a 2009 Marshall Memorial Fellow.

Enn Kukk

Enn Kukk

Enn Kukk is a technology researcher at NATO CCDCOE since May 2021. Prior to joining CCDCOE, he worked as leading commissioning engineer at TMV Power OÜ. His main field of expertise is industrial control systems especially electrical power grid protection and automation. He holds a MSc degree from the Tallinn Technical University in Estonia.

Enn Kukk

Enn Kukk

Technology researcher, NATO CCDCOE

Enn Kukk is a technology researcher at NATO CCDCOE since May 2021. Prior to joining CCDCOE, he worked as leading commissioning engineer at TMV Power OÜ. His main field of expertise is industrial control systems especially electrical power grid protection and automation. He holds a MSc degree from the Tallinn Technical University in Estonia.

Martin Libicki

Martin Libicki

Martin Libicki (Ph.D., U.C. Berkeley 1978) holds the Keyser Chair of Cybersecurity Studies at the U.S. Naval Academy. In addition to teaching, he carries out research in cyberwar and the general impact of information technology on domestic and national security. He is the author of a 2021 textbook on cyberwar, Cyberspace in Peace and War (2nd edition), as well as Conquest in Cyberspace: National Security and Information Warfare and various related RAND monographs. Prior employment includes twelve years at the National Defense University, three years on the Navy Staff (logistics) and three years for the US GAO.

Martin Libicki

Martin Libicki

Keyser Distinguished Professor of Cybersecurity, U.S. Naval Academy

Martin Libicki (Ph.D., U.C. Berkeley 1978) holds the Keyser Chair of Cybersecurity Studies at the U.S. Naval Academy. In addition to teaching, he carries out research in cyberwar and the general impact of information technology on domestic and national security. He is the author of a 2021 textbook on cyberwar, Cyberspace in Peace and War (2nd edition), as well as Conquest in Cyberspace: National Security and Information Warfare and various related RAND monographs. Prior employment includes twelve years at the National Defense University, three years on the Navy Staff (logistics) and three years for the US GAO.

Erica D. Lonergan

Erica D. Lonergan

Dr Erica Lonergan (née Borghard) is an Assistant Professor in the Army Cyber Institute at West Point. She is also a Research Scholar in the Saltzman Institute of War and Peace Studies at Columbia University. Prior to that, she held positions as a senior fellow at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace and the Atlantic Council. Previously, Erica served as a Senior Director on the U.S. Cyberspace Solarium Commission. Erica also held an appointment as a Council on Foreign Relations International Affairs Fellow, with placement at JPMorgan Chase and US Cyber Command, and has served as an Assistant Professor and Executive Director of the Rupert H. Johnson Grand Strategy Program in the Department of Social Sciences at West Point. Erica received her PhD in Political Science from Columbia University.

Erica D. Lonergan

Erica D. Lonergan

Army Cyber Institute at West Point

Dr Erica Lonergan (née Borghard) is an Assistant Professor in the Army Cyber Institute at West Point. She is also a Research Scholar in the Saltzman Institute of War and Peace Studies at Columbia University. Prior to that, she held positions as a senior fellow at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace and the Atlantic Council. Previously, Erica served as a Senior Director on the U.S. Cyberspace Solarium Commission. Erica also held an appointment as a Council on Foreign Relations International Affairs Fellow, with placement at JPMorgan Chase and US Cyber Command, and has served as an Assistant Professor and Executive Director of the Rupert H. Johnson Grand Strategy Program in the Department of Social Sciences at West Point. Erica received her PhD in Political Science from Columbia University.

Kubo Mačák

Kubo Mačák

Dr Kubo Mačák is a legal adviser at the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC). Prior to joining the ICRC in 2019, he worked as an Associate Professor of Public International Law at the University of Exeter in the United Kingdom. Kubo is the author of the book ‘Internationalized Armed Conflicts in International Law’ (OUP 2018) and the General Editor of the Cyber Law Toolkit, an interactive online resource on the international law of cyber operations.

Kubo Mačák

Kubo Mačák

International Committee of the Red Cross

Dr Kubo Mačák is a legal adviser at the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC). Prior to joining the ICRC in 2019, he worked as an Associate Professor of Public International Law at the University of Exeter in the United Kingdom. Kubo is the author of the book ‘Internationalized Armed Conflicts in International Law’ (OUP 2018) and the General Editor of the Cyber Law Toolkit, an interactive online resource on the international law of cyber operations.

Aditya Mathur

Aditya Mathur

Professor and the founding Director of iTrust, Centre for Research in Cyber Security located at Singapore University of Technology and Design (SUTD). Since the launch of iTrust, Aditya has led the inception, development, testing and deployment of deign and data-centric technologies for the defence of critical infrastructure. Aditya has been instrumental in leading the effort to build a one-of-a-kind laboratory in iTrust enabling researchers from across the globe to conduct research in cyber defence of critical infrastructure. Aditya is the author or co-author of over 200 research publications and several textbooks. Prior to joining SUTD, Aditya served for over three decades on the faculty of the Department of Computer Science at Purdue University, West Lafayette, USA, where he is now a Professor Emeritus.

Aditya Mathur

Aditya Mathur

iTrust, Singapore University of Technology and Design

Professor and the founding Director of iTrust, Centre for Research in Cyber Security located at Singapore University of Technology and Design (SUTD). Since the launch of iTrust, Aditya has led the inception, development, testing and deployment of deign and data-centric technologies for the defence of critical infrastructure. Aditya has been instrumental in leading the effort to build a one-of-a-kind laboratory in iTrust enabling researchers from across the globe to conduct research in cyber defence of critical infrastructure. Aditya is the author or co-author of over 200 research publications and several textbooks. Prior to joining SUTD, Aditya served for over three decades on the faculty of the Department of Computer Science at Purdue University, West Lafayette, USA, where he is now a Professor Emeritus.

Christian-Marc Lifländer

Christian-Marc Lifländer

Christian-Marc Lifländer currently serves as the senior cyber and hybrid policy official of NATO’s International Staff. As Head of Cyber and Hybrid Policy section he is responsible for leading the development and implementation of cyber and hybrid policy across NATO. Previously, Mr Lifländer served as Policy Advisor, Deputy Head of Section and Head of Section in the NATO’s International Staff. Before joining NATO, Mr Lifländer held executive and senior advisory level positions within the Estonian Ministry of Defence, including Acting Deputy Undersecretary for Defence Policy, Director of Policy Planning, and Adviser to the Minister of Defence. Mr Lifländer also served as a Defence Counselor at the Embassy of the Republic of Estonia in the United States and as a Defence Counselor at the Delegation of the Republic of Estonia to NATO. Mr. Lifländer received a direct commission in the Estonian Defense Forces (Infantry) and has been awarded with the Estonian Defence Forces Distinguished Service Decoration as well as Distinguished Service Decorations of the Estonian Ministry of Defence. Mr. Lifländer received his Bachelor of Science Degree in Engineering from the United States Military Academy, West Point. He received his Master of Arts in Security Studies from Georgetown University’s Center for Security Studies (CSS) in the Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service.

Christian-Marc Lifländer

Christian-Marc Lifländer

Head, Cyber and Hybrid Policy Section, Emerging Security Challenges Division

Christian-Marc Lifländer currently serves as the senior cyber and hybrid policy official of NATO’s International Staff. As Head of Cyber and Hybrid Policy section he is responsible for leading the development and implementation of cyber and hybrid policy across NATO. Previously, Mr Lifländer served as Policy Advisor, Deputy Head of Section and Head of Section in the NATO’s International Staff. Before joining NATO, Mr Lifländer held executive and senior advisory level positions within the Estonian Ministry of Defence, including Acting Deputy Undersecretary for Defence Policy, Director of Policy Planning, and Adviser to the Minister of Defence. Mr Lifländer also served as a Defence Counselor at the Embassy of the Republic of Estonia in the United States and as a Defence Counselor at the Delegation of the Republic of Estonia to NATO. Mr. Lifländer received a direct commission in the Estonian Defense Forces (Infantry) and has been awarded with the Estonian Defence Forces Distinguished Service Decoration as well as Distinguished Service Decorations of the Estonian Ministry of Defence. Mr. Lifländer received his Bachelor of Science Degree in Engineering from the United States Military Academy, West Point. He received his Master of Arts in Security Studies from Georgetown University’s Center for Security Studies (CSS) in the Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service.

Asaf Lubin

Asaf Lubin

Asaf Lubin is an Associate Professor of Law at Indiana University Maurer School of Law and a Fellow at IU’s Center for Applied Cybersecurity Research (CACR). He is additionally an affiliated faculty at Yale Law School’s Information Society Project, Berkman Klein Center for Internet and Society at Harvard University, and a visiting Scholar at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem Federmann Cyber Security Research Center. Dr. Lubin’s research draws on his experiences as a former intelligence analyst, Sergeant Major (Res.), with the Israeli Military Intelligence Branch as well as his vast practical training and expertise in national security law and foreign policy. Dr. Lubin’s work additionally reflects his time spent serving as a Robert L. Bernstein International Human Rights Fellow with Privacy International.

Asaf Lubin

Asaf Lubin

Associate Professor, Indiana University Maurer School of Law

Asaf Lubin is an Associate Professor of Law at Indiana University Maurer School of Law and a Fellow at IU’s Center for Applied Cybersecurity Research (CACR). He is additionally an affiliated faculty at Yale Law School’s Information Society Project, Berkman Klein Center for Internet and Society at Harvard University, and a visiting Scholar at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem Federmann Cyber Security Research Center. Dr. Lubin’s research draws on his experiences as a former intelligence analyst, Sergeant Major (Res.), with the Israeli Military Intelligence Branch as well as his vast practical training and expertise in national security law and foreign policy. Dr. Lubin’s work additionally reflects his time spent serving as a Robert L. Bernstein International Human Rights Fellow with Privacy International.

Merle Maigre

Merle Maigre

Merle Maigre works as the Senior Cybersecurity Expert at e-Governance Academy. Previously, she worked at CybExer Technologies, an Estonian enterprise providing cybersecurity training. In 2017 to 2018, Merle served as the Director of NATO Cooperative Cyber Defence Centre of Excellence (CCDCOE) in Tallinn, which is a multinational hub of cyber defense expertise for NATO. Between 2012 and 2017, Merle Maigre worked as the National Security Policy Adviser to Estonian Presidents Kersti Kaljulaid and Toomas Hendrik Ilves, being the President’s chief advisor on domestic and international security issues, including cyber defence. From 2010-2012 Merle Maigre was at NATO HQ in the Policy Planning Unit of the Private Office of NATO Secretary General Anders Fogh Rasmussen. Merle has also worked as a researcher at the International Centre for Defense and Security (ICDS) in Tallinn (2007-2010). She has also served as the Deputy Head of the NATO Liaison Office in Kyiv (2005-2007) and at the NATO Department in Estonia’s Ministry of Defense, in support of the country’s NATO accession (2000-2005). Merle Maigre contributes to the activity of several organisations. She is the Chairman of the Executive Board of CyberPeace Institute, a Member of the Management Board of the Estonian Council on Foreign Relations, and a Board Member of Estonian Information Security Association. Merle received an MA degree in war studies from King’s College London, a BA in international relations from Middlebury College (US) and a BA in history from Tartu University. She has also studied at the Johns Hopkins SAIS Bologna Center and at Sciences Po Paris.

Merle Maigre

Merle Maigre

Senior Cybersecurity Expert, e-Governance Academy

Merle Maigre works as the Senior Cybersecurity Expert at e-Governance Academy. Previously, she worked at CybExer Technologies, an Estonian enterprise providing cybersecurity training. In 2017 to 2018, Merle served as the Director of NATO Cooperative Cyber Defence Centre of Excellence (CCDCOE) in Tallinn, which is a multinational hub of cyber defense expertise for NATO. Between 2012 and 2017, Merle Maigre worked as the National Security Policy Adviser to Estonian Presidents Kersti Kaljulaid and Toomas Hendrik Ilves, being the President’s chief advisor on domestic and international security issues, including cyber defence. From 2010-2012 Merle Maigre was at NATO HQ in the Policy Planning Unit of the Private Office of NATO Secretary General Anders Fogh Rasmussen. Merle has also worked as a researcher at the International Centre for Defense and Security (ICDS) in Tallinn (2007-2010). She has also served as the Deputy Head of the NATO Liaison Office in Kyiv (2005-2007) and at the NATO Department in Estonia’s Ministry of Defense, in support of the country’s NATO accession (2000-2005). Merle Maigre contributes to the activity of several organisations. She is the Chairman of the Executive Board of CyberPeace Institute, a Member of the Management Board of the Estonian Council on Foreign Relations, and a Board Member of Estonian Information Security Association. Merle received an MA degree in war studies from King’s College London, a BA in international relations from Middlebury College (US) and a BA in history from Tartu University. She has also studied at the Johns Hopkins SAIS Bologna Center and at Sciences Po Paris.

Lennart Maschmeyer

Lennart Maschmeyer

Lennart Maschmeyer is a Senior Researcher at the Center for Security Studies at ETH Zurich. He holds a PhD in Political Science from the University of Toronto and an MPhil in International Relations from the University of Oxford. Lennart’s research examines how information technology impacts security competition and the exercise of power in world politics. Specifically, his current work and upcoming book focuses on subversion as an instrument of power.

Lennart Maschmeyer

Lennart Maschmeyer

ETH Zurich, Center for Security Studies

Lennart Maschmeyer is a Senior Researcher at the Center for Security Studies at ETH Zurich. He holds a PhD in Political Science from the University of Toronto and an MPhil in International Relations from the University of Oxford. Lennart’s research examines how information technology impacts security competition and the exercise of power in world politics. Specifically, his current work and upcoming book focuses on subversion as an instrument of power.

Marko Milanovic

Marko Milanovic

Marko Milanovic is Professor of Public International Law at the University of Nottingham School of Law. He is co-editor of EJIL: Talk!, the blog of the European Journal of International Law, as well as a member of the EJIL’s Editorial Board.  He is also co-general editor of the ongoing Tallinn Manual 3.0 project on the application of international law in cyberspace and Senior Fellow, NATO Cooperative Cyber Defence Centre of Excellence.

Marko Milanovic

Marko Milanovic

University of Nottingham

Marko Milanovic is Professor of Public International Law at the University of Nottingham School of Law. He is co-editor of EJIL: Talk!, the blog of the European Journal of International Law, as well as a member of the EJIL’s Editorial Board.  He is also co-general editor of the ongoing Tallinn Manual 3.0 project on the application of international law in cyberspace and Senior Fellow, NATO Cooperative Cyber Defence Centre of Excellence.

Stijn Mols

Stijn Mols

Mr Stijn MOLS has joined the European External Action Service in September 2021. As Head of Division Security and Defence Policy, he is responsible for the EEAS’ work on defence policy initiatives, civilian crisis management, cyber-security, hybrid threats and maritime security, as well as the EU’s Strategic Compass. As a Belgian career diplomat, he served in India, the Belgian Permanent Representation to the EU, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Japan. Before joining the EEAS, he was seconded to the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs in The Hague as Head of the EU CSDP Unit. Mr MOLS holds a Master’s in Political Science from the Catholic University of Leuven.

Stijn Mols

Stijn Mols

Head of Division, European External Action Service

Mr Stijn MOLS has joined the European External Action Service in September 2021. As Head of Division Security and Defence Policy, he is responsible for the EEAS’ work on defence policy initiatives, civilian crisis management, cyber-security, hybrid threats and maritime security, as well as the EU’s Strategic Compass. As a Belgian career diplomat, he served in India, the Belgian Permanent Representation to the EU, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Japan. Before joining the EEAS, he was seconded to the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs in The Hague as Head of the EU CSDP Unit. Mr MOLS holds a Master’s in Political Science from the Catholic University of Leuven.

Isidoros Monogioudis

Isidoros Monogioudis

Isidoros Monogioudis is a retired Colonel from the Greek Armed Forces with more than 20 years experience in CIS and Cyber Security. Before his retirement he was Head of Cyber Defense Operations in Greek Ministry of Defense involved in several projects for Incident response, security assessment, red teaming, cyber defense exercises and more. After his retirement he worked for a UK based security vendor as Security Architect focused on threat intelligence and its integration with other security solutions. Since July 2021 he works as a Project Officer for European Defense Agency managing research projects for information technologies and cyber defense.

Isidoros Monogioudis

Isidoros Monogioudis

Project Officer at Europea Defence Agency

Isidoros Monogioudis is a retired Colonel from the Greek Armed Forces with more than 20 years experience in CIS and Cyber Security. Before his retirement he was Head of Cyber Defense Operations in Greek Ministry of Defense involved in several projects for Incident response, security assessment, red teaming, cyber defense exercises and more. After his retirement he worked for a UK based security vendor as Security Architect focused on threat intelligence and its integration with other security solutions. Since July 2021 he works as a Project Officer for European Defense Agency managing research projects for information technologies and cyber defense.

Gen. Paul M. Nakasone

Gen. Paul M. Nakasone

General Paul M. Nakasone assumed his present duties as Commander, U.S. Cyber Command and Director, National Security Agency/Chief, Central Security Service in May 2018. He previously commanded U.S. Army Cyber Command from October 2016 – April 2018. A native of White Bear Lake, Minnesota, Gen. Nakasone is a graduate of Saint John’s University in Collegeville, Minnesota, where he received his commission through the Reserve Officers’ Training Corps. He holds graduate degrees from the U.S. Army War College, the National Defense Intelligence College, and the University of Southern California.
Gen. Nakasone has held command and staff positions across all levels of the Army with assignments in the United States, the Republic of Korea, Iraq, and Afghanistan. Gen. Nakasone commanded the Cyber National Mission Force at U.S. Cyber Command. He has also commanded a company, battalion, and brigade, and served as the senior intelligence officer at the battalion, division and corps levels. Gen. Nakasone has served in Joint and Army assignments in the United States, the Republic of Korea, Iraq, and Afghanistan. His most recent overseas posting was as the Director of Intelligence, J2, International Security Assistance Force Joint Command in Kabul, Afghanistan. Gen. Nakasone has also served on two occasions as a staff officer on the Joint Chiefs of Staff.

Gen. Paul M. Nakasone

Gen. Paul M. Nakasone

Commander, U.S. Cyber Command, and Director, National Security Agency/Chief, Central Security Service

General Paul M. Nakasone assumed his present duties as Commander, U.S. Cyber Command and Director, National Security Agency/Chief, Central Security Service in May 2018. He previously commanded U.S. Army Cyber Command from October 2016 – April 2018. A native of White Bear Lake, Minnesota, Gen. Nakasone is a graduate of Saint John’s University in Collegeville, Minnesota, where he received his commission through the Reserve Officers’ Training Corps. He holds graduate degrees from the U.S. Army War College, the National Defense Intelligence College, and the University of Southern California.
Gen. Nakasone has held command and staff positions across all levels of the Army with assignments in the United States, the Republic of Korea, Iraq, and Afghanistan. Gen. Nakasone commanded the Cyber National Mission Force at U.S. Cyber Command. He has also commanded a company, battalion, and brigade, and served as the senior intelligence officer at the battalion, division and corps levels. Gen. Nakasone has served in Joint and Army assignments in the United States, the Republic of Korea, Iraq, and Afghanistan. His most recent overseas posting was as the Director of Intelligence, J2, International Security Assistance Force Joint Command in Kabul, Afghanistan. Gen. Nakasone has also served on two occasions as a staff officer on the Joint Chiefs of Staff.

Mart Noorma

Mart Noorma

Prof. Mart Noorma is the Science and Development Director of Milrem Robotics and the Professor of Space and Defence Technology at the University of Tartu. He is actively engaged in NATO, EU, and international cooperation on innovation and novel technology development. He is a member of the NATO Advisory Group on Emerging and Disruptive Technologies, the NATO STO Applied Vehicle Technology Panel, the EEAS Space Advisory Board, and the IEEE Autonomous Weapon Systems Expert Advisory Committee.

Mart Noorma

Mart Noorma

Science and Development Director, Milrem Robotics

Prof. Mart Noorma is the Science and Development Director of Milrem Robotics and the Professor of Space and Defence Technology at the University of Tartu. He is actively engaged in NATO, EU, and international cooperation on innovation and novel technology development. He is a member of the NATO Advisory Group on Emerging and Disruptive Technologies, the NATO STO Applied Vehicle Technology Panel, the EEAS Space Advisory Board, and the IEEE Autonomous Weapon Systems Expert Advisory Committee.

Jake Norwood

Jake Norwood

Jake Norwood leads commercial cybersecurity consulting services in Europe for Booz Allen Hamilton. He is the former Global Head of Citigroup’s Cyber Fusion Centers, former director of Booz Allen’s Cyber4Sight Threat Intelligence services, and one-time military/cyber intelligence analyst. He is also a former U.S. Army Intelligence Officer and two-time Iraq war veteran with the 101st Airborne.  Jake is based in the Hague, Netherlands.

Jake Norwood

Jake Norwood

Director of Cybersecurity Delivery for EU/UK, Booz Allen Hamilton

Jake Norwood leads commercial cybersecurity consulting services in Europe for Booz Allen Hamilton. He is the former Global Head of Citigroup’s Cyber Fusion Centers, former director of Booz Allen’s Cyber4Sight Threat Intelligence services, and one-time military/cyber intelligence analyst. He is also a former U.S. Army Intelligence Officer and two-time Iraq war veteran with the 101st Airborne.  Jake is based in the Hague, Netherlands.

Patrick O’Keeffe

Patrick O’Keeffe

Patrick O’Keeffe is an international technology and security policy expert focusing on the multidisciplinary environment of aerospace, maritime, and cyber. In his function as a member of the NATO Centre of Excellence for Operations in Confined and Shallow Waters (COE CSW) as well as a Fellow at the Institute for Security Policy at Kiel University (ISPK), Patrick O’Keeffe is supporting various entities in the transformation of aerospace, maritime, and cyber strategies and policies. Patrick O’Keeffe had various positions in the German Navy as well as the Ministry of Defence, facilitating between NATO partners, UN bodies, academia and industry, and presents regularly as a guest speaker and opening keynote at several technology and security conferences. An aerospace engineer specialized in unmanned systems and satellite operations and a former military aviator, Patrick O’Keeffe studied international law and economics and publishes on international security and space capabilities.

Patrick O’Keeffe

Patrick O’Keeffe

NATO Centre of Excellence for Operations in Confined and Shallow Waters

Patrick O’Keeffe is an international technology and security policy expert focusing on the multidisciplinary environment of aerospace, maritime, and cyber. In his function as a member of the NATO Centre of Excellence for Operations in Confined and Shallow Waters (COE CSW) as well as a Fellow at the Institute for Security Policy at Kiel University (ISPK), Patrick O’Keeffe is supporting various entities in the transformation of aerospace, maritime, and cyber strategies and policies. Patrick O’Keeffe had various positions in the German Navy as well as the Ministry of Defence, facilitating between NATO partners, UN bodies, academia and industry, and presents regularly as a guest speaker and opening keynote at several technology and security conferences. An aerospace engineer specialized in unmanned systems and satellite operations and a former military aviator, Patrick O’Keeffe studied international law and economics and publishes on international security and space capabilities.

Matthew G. Olsen

Matthew G. Olsen

Matt Olsen is the Assistant Attorney General for National Security.  In that capacity, he leads the Department of Justice’s mission to combat terrorism, espionage, cyber crime, and other threats to the national security.

From 2011 to 2014, Olsen served as the Director of the National Counterterrorism Center. Prior to leading NCTC, Olsen was the General Counsel for the National Security Agency.

For 18 years, Olsen worked at the Department of Justice as a career attorney and in a number of leadership positions. He served as an Associate Deputy Attorney General for national security and was Special Counselor to the Attorney General. In 2006, Olsen helped establish the National Security Division and served as the first career Deputy Assistant Attorney General for National Security.

For over a decade, Olsen was a federal prosecutor in the U.S. Attorney’s Office for the District of Columbia. He also served as Special Counsel to the Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, supporting the post-9/11 transformation of the FBI. Olsen began his public service career as a trial attorney in the Civil Rights Division of the Department of Justice.

Olsen was a law clerk to the Honorable Norma Holloway Johnson in the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia. He graduated from Harvard Law School and the University of Virginia.

Matthew G. Olsen

Matthew G. Olsen

Assistant Attorney General, National Security Division, US Department of Justice

Matt Olsen is the Assistant Attorney General for National Security.  In that capacity, he leads the Department of Justice’s mission to combat terrorism, espionage, cyber crime, and other threats to the national security.

From 2011 to 2014, Olsen served as the Director of the National Counterterrorism Center. Prior to leading NCTC, Olsen was the General Counsel for the National Security Agency.

For 18 years, Olsen worked at the Department of Justice as a career attorney and in a number of leadership positions. He served as an Associate Deputy Attorney General for national security and was Special Counselor to the Attorney General. In 2006, Olsen helped establish the National Security Division and served as the first career Deputy Assistant Attorney General for National Security.

For over a decade, Olsen was a federal prosecutor in the U.S. Attorney’s Office for the District of Columbia. He also served as Special Counsel to the Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, supporting the post-9/11 transformation of the FBI. Olsen began his public service career as a trial attorney in the Civil Rights Division of the Department of Justice.

Olsen was a law clerk to the Honorable Norma Holloway Johnson in the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia. He graduated from Harvard Law School and the University of Virginia.

Aybars Oruc

Aybars Oruc

Aybars Oruc holds seven diplomas regarding maritime in different levels from high school to master’s degree. He worked as a marine engineer with sea service, and then respectively as HSEQ Coordinator and HSEQ Superintendent in a tanker owner. His master thesis was on cyber vulnerabilities onboard ships and currently working toward a PhD degree in the same field. Since 2019, he has published academic papers about maritime cyber security particularly. He is currently a member of the IMarEST, IET, and Engineering Council (UK). He is also a fellow member of the Maritime Cyber Risk Management Special Interest Group in the IMarEST.

Aybars Oruc

Aybars Oruc

Research Fellow, Norwegian University of Science and Technology

Aybars Oruc holds seven diplomas regarding maritime in different levels from high school to master’s degree. He worked as a marine engineer with sea service, and then respectively as HSEQ Coordinator and HSEQ Superintendent in a tanker owner. His master thesis was on cyber vulnerabilities onboard ships and currently working toward a PhD degree in the same field. Since 2019, he has published academic papers about maritime cyber security particularly. He is currently a member of the IMarEST, IET, and Engineering Council (UK). He is also a fellow member of the Maritime Cyber Risk Management Special Interest Group in the IMarEST.

Maj. Erwin Orye

Maj. Erwin Orye

After finishing at the Royal Military Academy in Brussels in 2000 with a master’s degree in science in mathematical engineering, Lt. Orye started working on technical integration of acquired tactical communications equipment in the defence forces. Afterwards, he became material resources manager: first responsible for tactical radios and afterwards for secure and classified networks. In between those two functions, he served for two years as the staff officer for plans and training in the (BEL) 6th signal battalion. He worked from 2017 to 2021 at the CCDCOE within the strategic branch. As of summer 2021, he has served with the BEL military cyber directorate, focusing on the Belgium’s cybersecurity collaboration with NATO and the EU.

Parallel to his professional work, he pursues a PhD in aviation cybersecurity at Tallinn University of Technology.

Maj. Erwin Orye

Maj. Erwin Orye

Belgian Defence Forces

After finishing at the Royal Military Academy in Brussels in 2000 with a master’s degree in science in mathematical engineering, Lt. Orye started working on technical integration of acquired tactical communications equipment in the defence forces. Afterwards, he became material resources manager: first responsible for tactical radios and afterwards for secure and classified networks. In between those two functions, he served for two years as the staff officer for plans and training in the (BEL) 6th signal battalion. He worked from 2017 to 2021 at the CCDCOE within the strategic branch. As of summer 2021, he has served with the BEL military cyber directorate, focusing on the Belgium’s cybersecurity collaboration with NATO and the EU.

Parallel to his professional work, he pursues a PhD in aviation cybersecurity at Tallinn University of Technology.

Pēteris Paikens

Pēteris Paikens

Pēteris Paikens is a principal investigator at the University of Latvia’s Institute of Mathematics and Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence laboratory, working on applied machine learning in the domains of cyber security and natural language processing. He also teaches at University of Latvia and Riga Technical University. His earlier industry experience includes consulting on IT security, software architecture and machine learning applications, and 10 years in the banking sector.

Pēteris Paikens

Pēteris Paikens

Institute of Mathematics and Computer Science, University of Latvia

Pēteris Paikens is a principal investigator at the University of Latvia’s Institute of Mathematics and Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence laboratory, working on applied machine learning in the domains of cyber security and natural language processing. He also teaches at University of Latvia and Riga Technical University. His earlier industry experience includes consulting on IT security, software architecture and machine learning applications, and 10 years in the banking sector.

Chris Parker

Chris Parker

Lt. Col. (ret’d) Chris Parker MBE is Director of Government Strategy at Fortinet, a cybersecurity global vendor with 1200 technology patents. Chris has a Masters’ Degree in Defence Technology and served in the British Infantry on nine combat and operational tours, including as an Armoured Brigade Chief of Staff in Kosovo for NATO (2001) and in Iraq (2003). Chris was later a construction $1.3B Project Director, a Chief Operating Officer in the oil and gas industry and led his own cybersecurity risk business for five years. He is a Chartered Manager, Fellow of the Tällberg Foundation and Associate at the Royal Institution of Naval Architects.

Chris Parker

Chris Parker

Director of Government Strategy, Fortinet

Lt. Col. (ret’d) Chris Parker MBE is Director of Government Strategy at Fortinet, a cybersecurity global vendor with 1200 technology patents. Chris has a Masters’ Degree in Defence Technology and served in the British Infantry on nine combat and operational tours, including as an Armoured Brigade Chief of Staff in Kosovo for NATO (2001) and in Iraq (2003). Chris was later a construction $1.3B Project Director, a Chief Operating Officer in the oil and gas industry and led his own cybersecurity risk business for five years. He is a Chartered Manager, Fellow of the Tällberg Foundation and Associate at the Royal Institution of Naval Architects.

Giulia Pavesi

Giulia Pavesi

Giulia Pavesi is a PhD researcher in International Space Law at the Leuven Centre for Global Governance Studies, at KU Leuven (GGS). Her fields of interest are space security, law on the use of force and IHL, with a focus on the use of non-kinetic counterspace in space warfare. She is involved as an expert in the EU JMCE on European Space Governance and provides expertise in multi-stakeholders projects on Space Traffic Management, European space policy and European space security. Giulia previously worked at EUSPA (former GSA) and ESPI. She is a member of the IISL and alumna of the Institute for Advanced Defence Studies (Italian Defence).

Giulia Pavesi

Giulia Pavesi

PhD Researcher, the Leuven Centre for Global Governance Studies, KU Leuven (GGS)

Giulia Pavesi is a PhD researcher in International Space Law at the Leuven Centre for Global Governance Studies, at KU Leuven (GGS). Her fields of interest are space security, law on the use of force and IHL, with a focus on the use of non-kinetic counterspace in space warfare. She is involved as an expert in the EU JMCE on European Space Governance and provides expertise in multi-stakeholders projects on Space Traffic Management, European space policy and European space security. Giulia previously worked at EUSPA (former GSA) and ESPI. She is a member of the IISL and alumna of the Institute for Advanced Defence Studies (Italian Defence).

Jelena Pejić

Jelena Pejić

Jelena Pejić is a former Senior Legal Adviser in the Legal Division of the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) in Geneva. In over twenty years with the ICRC, Ms Pejić was responsible for the organization’s legal policy and practical work on a range of IHL issues. Prior to joining the ICRC, Ms Pejić headed the International Justice Program at Human Rights First in NY and was a lecturer in International Law at Belgrade Law School. Ms Pejić holds an LL.M. degree from Columbia University Law School in New York, and a law degree from Belgrade University Law School.

Jelena Pejić

Jelena Pejić

Former Senior Legal Adviser, ICRC

Jelena Pejić is a former Senior Legal Adviser in the Legal Division of the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) in Geneva. In over twenty years with the ICRC, Ms Pejić was responsible for the organization’s legal policy and practical work on a range of IHL issues. Prior to joining the ICRC, Ms Pejić headed the International Justice Program at Human Rights First in NY and was a lecturer in International Law at Belgrade Law School. Ms Pejić holds an LL.M. degree from Columbia University Law School in New York, and a law degree from Belgrade University Law School.

Piret Pernik 

Piret Pernik 

Piret Pernik is a researcher of the Strategy Branch of the CCDCOE. Her research interests include military cyber organisations, national cybersecurity strategies and policies, NATO and EU’s cybersecurity, AI, and 5G cybersecurity. She is an editor of the “Cyberspace Strategic Outlook 2030: Horizon Scanning and Analysis” (CCDCOE, 2022) and a co-editor of the “Cyber Threats and NATO 2030: Horizon Scanning and Analysis” (CCDCOE, 2020). Previously, Pernik was a research fellow at the International Centre for Security and Defence and a researcher at the Estonian Academy of Social Sciences, Tallinn, Estonia. Her career includes several positions at the Estonian Ministry of Defence, and she has served as adviser of the National Defence Committee at the Parliament of Estonia. Piret holds a Master of Arts degree in Social Sciences from the University of Tallinn and in International Relations and European Studies from the Central European University, Budapest.

Piret Pernik 

Piret Pernik 

Strategy Researcher, NATO CCDCOE

Piret Pernik is a researcher of the Strategy Branch of the CCDCOE. Her research interests include military cyber organisations, national cybersecurity strategies and policies, NATO and EU’s cybersecurity, AI, and 5G cybersecurity. She is an editor of the “Cyberspace Strategic Outlook 2030: Horizon Scanning and Analysis” (CCDCOE, 2022) and a co-editor of the “Cyber Threats and NATO 2030: Horizon Scanning and Analysis” (CCDCOE, 2020). Previously, Pernik was a research fellow at the International Centre for Security and Defence and a researcher at the Estonian Academy of Social Sciences, Tallinn, Estonia. Her career includes several positions at the Estonian Ministry of Defence, and she has served as adviser of the National Defence Committee at the Parliament of Estonia. Piret holds a Master of Arts degree in Social Sciences from the University of Tallinn and in International Relations and European Studies from the Central European University, Budapest.

Kārlis Podiņš

Kārlis Podiņš

Kārlis Podiņš is a researcher at CCDCOE’s Technology Branch. He has 12+ years of practice in cyber security, including organizing the first CyCon and being mentioned in CyCon English-Estonian phrase-book. Kārlis has a M.Sc. in computer science and hands-on experience ranging from malware reverse engineering to writing short stories for decision makers.

Kārlis Podiņš

Kārlis Podiņš

Researcher, Technology Branch, NATO CCDCOE

Kārlis Podiņš is a researcher at CCDCOE’s Technology Branch. He has 12+ years of practice in cyber security, including organizing the first CyCon and being mentioned in CyCon English-Estonian phrase-book. Kārlis has a M.Sc. in computer science and hands-on experience ranging from malware reverse engineering to writing short stories for decision makers.

Sampath Rajapaksha

Sampath Rajapaksha

Sampath Rajapaksha received his BSc degree in Statistics and Operations Research from the University of Peradeniya, Sri Lanka, and MSc degree in Computer Science specializing in data science from the University of Moratuwa, Sri Lanka. He received his master of business administration degree from the Cardiff metropolitan university, UK. He is currently pursuing his PhD degree in cyber security at Robert Gordon University, UK. His research interests include in-vehicle network security, machine learning and operations research.

Sampath Rajapaksha

Sampath Rajapaksha

Robert Gordon University

Sampath Rajapaksha received his BSc degree in Statistics and Operations Research from the University of Peradeniya, Sri Lanka, and MSc degree in Computer Science specializing in data science from the University of Moratuwa, Sri Lanka. He received his master of business administration degree from the Cardiff metropolitan university, UK. He is currently pursuing his PhD degree in cyber security at Robert Gordon University, UK. His research interests include in-vehicle network security, machine learning and operations research.

Wolfgang Röhrig

Wolfgang Röhrig

Wolfgang Röhrig is the Head of Unit Information Superiority in the Capability, Armament and Planning Directorate of the European Defence Agency (EDA). Born in Germany, he entered the German Navy in 1985. After completing his studies at the University of the Federal Armed Forces in Hamburg with the degree of MBA in 1990, he served in several officer’s positions in the German Navy and the German Joint Services, including several operational deployments and service for NATO.  In March 2012, he joined EDA as Project Officer and became Programme Manager Cyber Defence beginning of 2014.  In this position he developed and shaped the EDA Cyber Defence Programme from the scratch. In February 2018 he returned to the German Armed Forces becoming a staff member of the new Cyber and Information Domain Services Headquarters dealing with International Cooperation in Cyber Defence. Since November 2018 he leads the EDA Information Superiority Team. The EDA Information Superiority Team pools the EDA expertise on Capability Development in the Cyber Domain, the Space Domain as well as on C4ISR topics.

Wolfgang Röhrig

Wolfgang Röhrig

Head of Unit Information Superiority, Capability, Armament and Planning Directorate, European Defence Agency

Wolfgang Röhrig is the Head of Unit Information Superiority in the Capability, Armament and Planning Directorate of the European Defence Agency (EDA). Born in Germany, he entered the German Navy in 1985. After completing his studies at the University of the Federal Armed Forces in Hamburg with the degree of MBA in 1990, he served in several officer’s positions in the German Navy and the German Joint Services, including several operational deployments and service for NATO.  In March 2012, he joined EDA as Project Officer and became Programme Manager Cyber Defence beginning of 2014.  In this position he developed and shaped the EDA Cyber Defence Programme from the scratch. In February 2018 he returned to the German Armed Forces becoming a staff member of the new Cyber and Information Domain Services Headquarters dealing with International Cooperation in Cyber Defence. Since November 2018 he leads the EDA Information Superiority Team. The EDA Information Superiority Team pools the EDA expertise on Capability Development in the Cyber Domain, the Space Domain as well as on C4ISR topics.

Helen Rohtla

Helen Rohtla

Helen Rohtla is currently leading Information Society Division at Consumer Protection and Technical Regulatory Authority (CPTRA). Her Division, among other things, is responsible for maintaining public order in Internet and media services. CPTRA acts as national regulatory authority for audiovisual media services. Lately they have focused on fighting war propaganda and hate speech online and in media services.

Helen Rohtla

Helen Rohtla

Head of Information Society Division, Consumer Protection and Technical Regulatory Authority

Helen Rohtla is currently leading Information Society Division at Consumer Protection and Technical Regulatory Authority (CPTRA). Her Division, among other things, is responsible for maintaining public order in Internet and media services. CPTRA acts as national regulatory authority for audiovisual media services. Lately they have focused on fighting war propaganda and hate speech online and in media services.

Joseph Ross

Joseph Ross

Joseph Ross is a PhD student at the University of Plymouth, researching for a PhD in Computing funded by the Royal Navy to identify how their dockyards can be digitised effectively. His research focus is digital twin technology and optimisation. He was sponsored through his BEng in Electronic Engineering at the University of Portsmouth by the Royal Navy, and he then briefly served in the Royal Navy as a regular after graduating. Following his time with the Royal Navy, he started his teaching career where he pursued a PGCE in Computing with Bath Spa University and has since been teaching computer science and electronics.

Joseph Ross

Joseph Ross

PhD student, University of Plymouth

Joseph Ross is a PhD student at the University of Plymouth, researching for a PhD in Computing funded by the Royal Navy to identify how their dockyards can be digitised effectively. His research focus is digital twin technology and optimisation. He was sponsored through his BEng in Electronic Engineering at the University of Portsmouth by the Royal Navy, and he then briefly served in the Royal Navy as a regular after graduating. Following his time with the Royal Navy, he started his teaching career where he pursued a PGCE in Computing with Bath Spa University and has since been teaching computer science and electronics.

John Salomon

John Salomon

John Salomon is an information security and cyber risk management professional with 25 years of worldwide experience in financial services, healthcare, and other critical infrastructure sectors. John has an extensive security technology, risk management, and leadership background. He is based in Spain, and currently coordinates the activities of FS-ISAC in continental Europe, the Middle East, and Africa.

John Salomon

John Salomon

FS-ISAC

John Salomon is an information security and cyber risk management professional with 25 years of worldwide experience in financial services, healthcare, and other critical infrastructure sectors. John has an extensive security technology, risk management, and leadership background. He is based in Spain, and currently coordinates the activities of FS-ISAC in continental Europe, the Middle East, and Africa.

H.E. Tanel Sepp

H.E. Tanel Sepp

Ambassador Sepp is the Ambassador at Large for Cyber Diplomacy at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. His work focuses on the cyber norms, capacity building, deterrence, attribution and confidence building measures.

H.E. Tanel Sepp

H.E. Tanel Sepp

Ambassador at Large for Cyber Diplomacy, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Estonia

Ambassador Sepp is the Ambassador at Large for Cyber Diplomacy at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. His work focuses on the cyber norms, capacity building, deterrence, attribution and confidence building measures.

Siddhant Shrivastava

Siddhant Shrivastava

Siddhant Shrivastava is a Researcher at the iTrust Centre for Research in Cybersecurity at the Singapore University of Technology and Design. His whole-of-society approach to cyber-physical security focuses on the emerging and established aspects of technology, economics, culture, and policy. He has been in the red/green/blue/white teams of cyber exercises. This technicolor experience has entailed forensics scenarios, malware analysis, visualization tools design using VR/AR/MR, curriculum design, and most importantly detector/defence engineering for all aspects of the NIST framework, and sharing research findings with governments, military, industry, and academia – both in Singapore and international communities.

Siddhant Shrivastava

Siddhant Shrivastava

Researcher, iTrust Centre for Research in Cybersecurity, Singapore University of Technology and Design

Siddhant Shrivastava is a Researcher at the iTrust Centre for Research in Cybersecurity at the Singapore University of Technology and Design. His whole-of-society approach to cyber-physical security focuses on the emerging and established aspects of technology, economics, culture, and policy. He has been in the red/green/blue/white teams of cyber exercises. This technicolor experience has entailed forensics scenarios, malware analysis, visualization tools design using VR/AR/MR, curriculum design, and most importantly detector/defence engineering for all aspects of the NIST framework, and sharing research findings with governments, military, industry, and academia – both in Singapore and international communities.

Michael Schmitt

Michael Schmitt

Michael Schmitt is Professor of International Law at the University of Reading; the G. Norman Lieber Scholar at West Point; Professor Emeritus and Distinguished Scholar-in-Residence at the US Naval War College; and a Senior Fellow at the NATO CCDCOE. He has directed the Tallinn Manual Project since 2009.

Michael Schmitt

Michael Schmitt

Professor, University of Reading; Director of Tallinn Manual 3.0

Michael Schmitt is Professor of International Law at the University of Reading; the G. Norman Lieber Scholar at West Point; Professor Emeritus and Distinguished Scholar-in-Residence at the US Naval War College; and a Senior Fellow at the NATO CCDCOE. He has directed the Tallinn Manual Project since 2009.

Bruce Schneier

Bruce Schneier

Bruce Schneier is an internationally renowned security technologist, called a “security guru” by the Economist. He is the New York Times best-selling author of 14 books — including Click Here to Kill Everybody — as well as hundreds of articles, essays, and academic papers. His influential newsletter Crypto-Gram and blog Schneier on Security are read by over 250,000 people. Schneier is a fellow at the Berkman-Klein Center for Internet and Society at Harvard University, a Lecturer in Public Policy at the Harvard Kennedy School, a board member of the Electronic Frontier Foundation and AccessNow, and an advisory board member of EPIC and VerifiedVoting.org. He is the Chief of Security Architecture at Inrupt, Inc.

Bruce Schneier

Bruce Schneier

Harvard Kennedy School

Bruce Schneier is an internationally renowned security technologist, called a “security guru” by the Economist. He is the New York Times best-selling author of 14 books — including Click Here to Kill Everybody — as well as hundreds of articles, essays, and academic papers. His influential newsletter Crypto-Gram and blog Schneier on Security are read by over 250,000 people. Schneier is a fellow at the Berkman-Klein Center for Internet and Society at Harvard University, a Lecturer in Public Policy at the Harvard Kennedy School, a board member of the Electronic Frontier Foundation and AccessNow, and an advisory board member of EPIC and VerifiedVoting.org. He is the Chief of Security Architecture at Inrupt, Inc.

Max Smeets

Max Smeets

Max Smeets is a Senior Researcher at the Center for Security Studies (CSS) at ETH Zurich and Director of the European Cyber Conflict Research Initiative. He is the author of ‘No Shortcuts: Why States Struggle to Develop a Military Cyber-Force’ (Oxford University Press & Hurst, 2022) and co-editor of ‘Deter, Disrupt or Deceive? Assessing Cyber Conflict as an Intelligence Contest’ (Georgetown University Press, forthcoming), with Robert Chesney, and published widely on cyber statecraft, strategy and risk. He was previously a postdoctoral fellow and lecturer at Stanford University CISAC and a College Lecturer at Keble College, University of Oxford.

Max Smeets

Max Smeets

The Center for Security Studies (CSS) at ETH Zurich

Max Smeets is a Senior Researcher at the Center for Security Studies (CSS) at ETH Zurich and Director of the European Cyber Conflict Research Initiative. He is the author of ‘No Shortcuts: Why States Struggle to Develop a Military Cyber-Force’ (Oxford University Press & Hurst, 2022) and co-editor of ‘Deter, Disrupt or Deceive? Assessing Cyber Conflict as an Intelligence Contest’ (Georgetown University Press, forthcoming), with Robert Chesney, and published widely on cyber statecraft, strategy and risk. He was previously a postdoctoral fellow and lecturer at Stanford University CISAC and a College Lecturer at Keble College, University of Oxford.

Petr Stejskal

Petr Stejskal

Dr Stejskal is lecturer in international law at the Palacký University, Olomouc, where he obtained PhD. He holds LL.M. from University of Amsterdam. He is a member of the Centre for International Humanitarian and Operational law. He worked at the permanent missions to the UN in Geneva and New York or as a visiting researcher at the University of Johannesburg. His research areas are the protection of foreign investments in armed conflicts, law of international countermeasures, foreign investment screening (experience from Czech national practice). He also focuses on the law of transboundary water resources and its link with international security.

Petr Stejskal

Petr Stejskal

Palacky University Olomouc, Faculty of Law, Centre for International Humanitarian and Operational Law

Dr Stejskal is lecturer in international law at the Palacký University, Olomouc, where he obtained PhD. He holds LL.M. from University of Amsterdam. He is a member of the Centre for International Humanitarian and Operational law. He worked at the permanent missions to the UN in Geneva and New York or as a visiting researcher at the University of Johannesburg. His research areas are the protection of foreign investments in armed conflicts, law of international countermeasures, foreign investment screening (experience from Czech national practice). He also focuses on the law of transboundary water resources and its link with international security.

Martin Strohmeier

Martin Strohmeier

Martin Strohmeier is a Senior Scientist at the Swiss Cyber Defence Campus, and also a Visiting Fellow of Kellogg College, University of Oxford. The main focus of his work has been the analysis of cyber-physical systems and networks, specifically those in critical infrastructures in the air, in space or on ground. Martin is also a co-founder and board member of the aviation research network OpenSky. Before coming to Oxford in 2012, he received his MSc degree from TU Kaiserslautern, Germany and joined Lancaster University’s InfoLab21 and Lufthansa AG as a visiting researcher.

Martin Strohmeier

Martin Strohmeier

Senior Scientist, Cyber-Defence Campus, Armasuisse Science + Technology

Martin Strohmeier is a Senior Scientist at the Swiss Cyber Defence Campus, and also a Visiting Fellow of Kellogg College, University of Oxford. The main focus of his work has been the analysis of cyber-physical systems and networks, specifically those in critical infrastructures in the air, in space or on ground. Martin is also a co-founder and board member of the aviation research network OpenSky. Before coming to Oxford in 2012, he received his MSc degree from TU Kaiserslautern, Germany and joined Lancaster University’s InfoLab21 and Lufthansa AG as a visiting researcher.

Arun Mohan Sukumar

Arun Mohan Sukumar

Arun Mohan Sukumar is a PhD candidate at The Fletcher School, Tufts University, and a pre-doctoral research fellow at the School’s Centre for International Law and Governance. He previously headed the Technology Initiative at the Observer Research Foundation, New Delhi. Arun was appointed in 2017 by India’s National Security Advisor to a ‘Study Group on Cyber Norms’ that advised the Indian government on a national strategy towards the development and negotiation of global cybersecurity norms. He was also part of India’s delegation to the Tallinn Manual 2.0 consultations organized by the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs in 2016 at The Hague. His first book, Midnight’s Machines: A Political History of Technology in India, was named among Bloomberg’s Best Books of 2020. Arun was previously a member of World Economic Forum’s Global Future Council on the Digital Economy and Society.

Arun Mohan Sukumar

Arun Mohan Sukumar

The Fletcher School, Tufts University

Arun Mohan Sukumar is a PhD candidate at The Fletcher School, Tufts University, and a pre-doctoral research fellow at the School’s Centre for International Law and Governance. He previously headed the Technology Initiative at the Observer Research Foundation, New Delhi. Arun was appointed in 2017 by India’s National Security Advisor to a ‘Study Group on Cyber Norms’ that advised the Indian government on a national strategy towards the development and negotiation of global cybersecurity norms. He was also part of India’s delegation to the Tallinn Manual 2.0 consultations organized by the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs in 2016 at The Hague. His first book, Midnight’s Machines: A Political History of Technology in India, was named among Bloomberg’s Best Books of 2020. Arun was previously a member of World Economic Forum’s Global Future Council on the Digital Economy and Society.

Michael L. Thomas

Michael L. Thomas

Dr (Lt. Col. ret) Michael L. Thomas is currently assigned to Maxwell AFB, AL as a Professor of Cyberwarfare Studies. Previously, he was with Naval Information Warfare Center (NIWC) Charleston as a C4ISR Systems Engineer in the Communications and Networks Division stationed in the Stuttgart Germany office and was responsible for the design, implementation and fielding of major Systems Engineering projects for the US Navy. From March 2007 – Sept. 2010, he was serving a short tour at the Pentagon, then as a Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA) LNO to the Joint Special Operations Command (JSOC), and assignment to the Air Force Institute of Technology (AFIT) as an instructor teaching Cyberwar courses.

Michael L. Thomas

Michael L. Thomas

Professor of Cyberwarfare Studies, Air Force Cyber College

Dr (Lt. Col. ret) Michael L. Thomas is currently assigned to Maxwell AFB, AL as a Professor of Cyberwarfare Studies. Previously, he was with Naval Information Warfare Center (NIWC) Charleston as a C4ISR Systems Engineer in the Communications and Networks Division stationed in the Stuttgart Germany office and was responsible for the design, implementation and fielding of major Systems Engineering projects for the US Navy. From March 2007 – Sept. 2010, he was serving a short tour at the Pentagon, then as a Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA) LNO to the Joint Special Operations Command (JSOC), and assignment to the Air Force Institute of Technology (AFIT) as an instructor teaching Cyberwar courses.

Nataliya Tkachuk

Nataliya Tkachuk

Nataliya Tkachuk is the Head of the Information and Cyber Security Directorate at the Office of the National Security and Defence Council of Ukraine. She also holds the position of the Secretary of Ukraine’s National Coordination Centre for Cyber Security. Ms Tkachuk has 20 years of practical experience in the sector of national security and defence of Ukraine. She is responsible for providing coordination and control over activities of main state actors in the sphere of information and cyber security. Nataliya Tkachuk has PhD in law in the field of national security.

Nataliya Tkachuk

Nataliya Tkachuk

Head of the Information and Cyber Security Directorate, Office of the National Security and Defence Council of Ukraine

Nataliya Tkachuk is the Head of the Information and Cyber Security Directorate at the Office of the National Security and Defence Council of Ukraine. She also holds the position of the Secretary of Ukraine’s National Coordination Centre for Cyber Security. Ms Tkachuk has 20 years of practical experience in the sector of national security and defence of Ukraine. She is responsible for providing coordination and control over activities of main state actors in the sphere of information and cyber security. Nataliya Tkachuk has PhD in law in the field of national security.

Eduardo Ustaran

Eduardo Ustaran

Global co-head of the Hogan Lovells Privacy and Cybersecurity practice Eduardo Ustaran is widely recognized as one of the world’s leading privacy and data protection lawyers and thought leaders. With over 25 years of experience, Eduardo advises multinationals and governments around the world on the adoption of privacy and cybersecurity strategies and policies. Eduardo has been involved in the development of the EU data protection framework and was listed by Politico as the most prepared individual in its ‘GDPR power matrix’. Eduardo is the author of The Future of Privacy (DataGuidance, 2013), co-author of Data Protection: A Practical Guide to UK and EU Law (OUP, 2018), and an executive editor of European Data Protection Law and Practice (IAPP, 2018).

Eduardo Ustaran

Eduardo Ustaran

Hogan Lovells Privacy and Cybersecurity

Global co-head of the Hogan Lovells Privacy and Cybersecurity practice Eduardo Ustaran is widely recognized as one of the world’s leading privacy and data protection lawyers and thought leaders. With over 25 years of experience, Eduardo advises multinationals and governments around the world on the adoption of privacy and cybersecurity strategies and policies. Eduardo has been involved in the development of the EU data protection framework and was listed by Politico as the most prepared individual in its ‘GDPR power matrix’. Eduardo is the author of The Future of Privacy (DataGuidance, 2013), co-author of Data Protection: A Practical Guide to UK and EU Law (OUP, 2018), and an executive editor of European Data Protection Law and Practice (IAPP, 2018).

Gábor Visky

Gábor Visky

Gábor Visky is a technology researcher at NATO CCDCOE. His main field of expertise is industrial control systems focusing on maritime systems. Gábor’s previous assignments include 15 years of designing hardware and software for embedded control systems and researching their vulnerabilities through reverse engineering. Gábor holds an MSc degree in Information Engineering specialising in Industrial Measurement and BSc degree in Telecommunication.

Gábor Visky

Gábor Visky

Technology researcher, NATO CCDCOE

Gábor Visky is a technology researcher at NATO CCDCOE. His main field of expertise is industrial control systems focusing on maritime systems. Gábor’s previous assignments include 15 years of designing hardware and software for embedded control systems and researching their vulnerabilities through reverse engineering. Gábor holds an MSc degree in Information Engineering specialising in Industrial Measurement and BSc degree in Telecommunication.

David van Weel

David van Weel

David van Weel is NATO’s Assistant Secretary General for Emerging Security Challenges. He is the Secretary General’s primary advisor on emerging security challenges and their implications for the security of the Alliance and a member of the Secretary General’s senior management team.

Prior to joining NATO, David van Weel was the Foreign Policy and Defence Advisor for the Prime Minister of The Netherlands (2016-2020). This position followed a long career in The Netherlands Ministry of Defence, where he ended as Director for International Affairs and Operations/ Policy Director (2014-2016) after serving as the Chief of Cabinet for the Minister of Defence and the Permanent Secretary (2012-2014) and as the senior policy officer for amongst others operations in Afghanistan and Libya, NATO, nuclear policy and disarmament, special operations and the preparation of the Defence Budget. David started his career in the Royal Netherlands Navy, where, upon completion of the Naval Academy (1994-1999), he served on different frigates, served in the British Royal Navy as an exchange officer, worked as a Staff Officer for Middle and Eastern European countries in the Defence Staff and ended as a Primary Warfare officer and Navigation Officer.

David van Weel

David van Weel

NATO Assistant Secretary General for Emerging Security Challenges

David van Weel is NATO’s Assistant Secretary General for Emerging Security Challenges. He is the Secretary General’s primary advisor on emerging security challenges and their implications for the security of the Alliance and a member of the Secretary General’s senior management team.

Prior to joining NATO, David van Weel was the Foreign Policy and Defence Advisor for the Prime Minister of The Netherlands (2016-2020). This position followed a long career in The Netherlands Ministry of Defence, where he ended as Director for International Affairs and Operations/ Policy Director (2014-2016) after serving as the Chief of Cabinet for the Minister of Defence and the Permanent Secretary (2012-2014) and as the senior policy officer for amongst others operations in Afghanistan and Libya, NATO, nuclear policy and disarmament, special operations and the preparation of the Defence Budget. David started his career in the Royal Netherlands Navy, where, upon completion of the Naval Academy (1994-1999), he served on different frigates, served in the British Royal Navy as an exchange officer, worked as a Staff Officer for Middle and Eastern European countries in the Defence Staff and ended as a Primary Warfare officer and Navigation Officer.

Bruce Watson

Bruce Watson

Bruce is the Chair of AI in Cybersecurity and Chair of Computational Thinking for AI, both in the School for Data-Science & Computational Thinking at Stellenbosch University. Additionally, he is chief scientist at IP Blox and consulting scientist at Impendo – providing pattern recognition, algorithmic, and strategic solutions for cybersecurity.

Watson’s first PhD is in computing science and engineering from Eindhoven, after studying discrete mathematics and computer science in Waterloo (Canada). He later returned to Eindhoven as chair of Software Construction. Watson’s second PhD is from the University of Pretoria.

Parallel to his academic career, he worked as a compiler engineer at several companies (e.g. Microsoft), followed by engineering and architecture work on pattern recognition for security (e.g. for Cisco).

Bruce Watson

Bruce Watson

Stellenbosch University

Bruce is the Chair of AI in Cybersecurity and Chair of Computational Thinking for AI, both in the School for Data-Science & Computational Thinking at Stellenbosch University. Additionally, he is chief scientist at IP Blox and consulting scientist at Impendo – providing pattern recognition, algorithmic, and strategic solutions for cybersecurity.

Watson’s first PhD is in computing science and engineering from Eindhoven, after studying discrete mathematics and computer science in Waterloo (Canada). He later returned to Eindhoven as chair of Software Construction. Watson’s second PhD is from the University of Pretoria.

Parallel to his academic career, he worked as a compiler engineer at several companies (e.g. Microsoft), followed by engineering and architecture work on pattern recognition for security (e.g. for Cisco).

Johanna Weaver

Johanna Weaver

Johanna Weaver is Director of the Tech Policy Design Centre at the Australian National University. The Design Centre is reimagining how to use governance as a tool to shape technology. Ms Weaver is a member of the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) Global Advisory Board on digital threats during conflict. She is also a regular guest lecturer at the Australian National Security College. In June 2021, Ms Weaver completed her term as Australia’s independent expert and lead cyber negotiator at the United Nations. Earlier, Ms Weaver led the Cyber Affairs Branch at the Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, working closely with Australia’s inaugural Ambassador for Cyber Affairs. Ms Weaver is a reformed commercial litigator, and an unapologetic international law nerd.

Keynote: The rules-based international order: some hard truths.

Johanna Weaver

Johanna Weaver

Director, Tech Policy Design Centre, Australian National University

Johanna Weaver is Director of the Tech Policy Design Centre at the Australian National University. The Design Centre is reimagining how to use governance as a tool to shape technology. Ms Weaver is a member of the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) Global Advisory Board on digital threats during conflict. She is also a regular guest lecturer at the Australian National Security College. In June 2021, Ms Weaver completed her term as Australia’s independent expert and lead cyber negotiator at the United Nations. Earlier, Ms Weaver led the Cyber Affairs Branch at the Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, working closely with Australia’s inaugural Ambassador for Cyber Affairs. Ms Weaver is a reformed commercial litigator, and an unapologetic international law nerd.

Keynote: The rules-based international order: some hard truths.

Karly Winkler

Karly Winkler

Karly is the Deputy Director of International Cyber Policy Centre, at the Australian Strategic Policy Institute. Her focus areas are on supporting Australian government cyber policy development, emerging and critical technologies, and cyber threat landscape facing Australia and the IndoPacific region.

Prior to joining ASPI Karly spent over 20 years working in technical and leadership roles across cyber security, cryptography, data science and engineering within the Australian Department of Defence. As a subject matter expert, she has written strategies and provided advice and assistance to the national security community, government and Australian Defence Forces on encryption, cyber vulnerabilities, data and AI technologies, including AI security and adversarial machine learning to protect national data assets and infrastructure.

She has held long and short-term positions overseas working with international government partners, particularly the UK and US, to facilitate collaboration with Australian agencies. She maintains a strong interest in enabling the awareness and understanding of science and emerging technologies, and particularly with initiatives that encourage diversity and women in STEM. Karly has a Masters degree in Science Communication from the Australian National University and a Bachelor of Mathematics and Computer Science from University of Adelaide.

Karly Winkler

Karly Winkler

Deputy Director of International Cyber Policy Centre, Australian Strategic Policy Institute

Karly is the Deputy Director of International Cyber Policy Centre, at the Australian Strategic Policy Institute. Her focus areas are on supporting Australian government cyber policy development, emerging and critical technologies, and cyber threat landscape facing Australia and the IndoPacific region.

Prior to joining ASPI Karly spent over 20 years working in technical and leadership roles across cyber security, cryptography, data science and engineering within the Australian Department of Defence. As a subject matter expert, she has written strategies and provided advice and assistance to the national security community, government and Australian Defence Forces on encryption, cyber vulnerabilities, data and AI technologies, including AI security and adversarial machine learning to protect national data assets and infrastructure.

She has held long and short-term positions overseas working with international government partners, particularly the UK and US, to facilitate collaboration with Australian agencies. She maintains a strong interest in enabling the awareness and understanding of science and emerging technologies, and particularly with initiatives that encourage diversity and women in STEM. Karly has a Masters degree in Science Communication from the Australian National University and a Bachelor of Mathematics and Computer Science from University of Adelaide.

Christopher Whyte

Christopher Whyte

Dr Christopher Whyte is an assistant professor of homeland security and emergency preparedness in the Wilder School of Government and Public Affairs at Virginia Commonwealth University. His research presently focuses on the decision-making dynamics of cyber operations, the role of fringe virtual space in supporting influence campaigns and the impact of artificial intelligence on cyber conflict dynamics. He is author of nearly thirty peer reviewed articles on these subjects and two books on cyber conflict. He is also coauthor of “Information in War,” a forthcoming book on AI and military innovation, to be published by Georgetown University Press in 2022.

Christopher Whyte

Christopher Whyte

Assistant professor, Virginia Commonwealth University

Dr Christopher Whyte is an assistant professor of homeland security and emergency preparedness in the Wilder School of Government and Public Affairs at Virginia Commonwealth University. His research presently focuses on the decision-making dynamics of cyber operations, the role of fringe virtual space in supporting influence campaigns and the impact of artificial intelligence on cyber conflict dynamics. He is author of nearly thirty peer reviewed articles on these subjects and two books on cyber conflict. He is also coauthor of “Information in War,” a forthcoming book on AI and military innovation, to be published by Georgetown University Press in 2022.

Ingrid Winther

Ingrid Winther

Ingrid Winther is the Norwegian special envoy to the CCDCOE where she is a researcher in the Strategy Branch. Her expertize is on threats to national security in the cyber domain. She holds an MA from King’s College London and serves in the Norwegian Armed Forces.

Ingrid Winther

Ingrid Winther

Strategy Researcher, NATO CCDCOE

Ingrid Winther is the Norwegian special envoy to the CCDCOE where she is a researcher in the Strategy Branch. Her expertize is on threats to national security in the cyber domain. She holds an MA from King’s College London and serves in the Norwegian Armed Forces.

Viktor Zhora

Viktor Zhora

Viktor Zhora is the Deputy Chairman and Chief Digital Transformation Officer at the State Service of Special Communication and Information Protection of Ukraine. He holds an MSc in applied mathematics. Mr Zhora is an author of nearly 50 scientific publications in information security.

From 2012 Viktor Zhora has been a member of organizing committees of annual conferences UISGCON and BSides Kyiv. Mr Zhora has 20 years of practical experience as an architect and project manager, CEO and co-founder of leading cybersecurity companies in Ukraine.

At the SSSCIP of Ukraine, Viktor Zhora supervises digital transformation and cybersecurity projects, CERT-UA and the State Cyberprotection Centre.

Viktor Zhora

Viktor Zhora

Deputy Chairman and Chief Digital Transformation Officer, State Service of Special Communication and Information Protection of Ukraine

Viktor Zhora is the Deputy Chairman and Chief Digital Transformation Officer at the State Service of Special Communication and Information Protection of Ukraine. He holds an MSc in applied mathematics. Mr Zhora is an author of nearly 50 scientific publications in information security.

From 2012 Viktor Zhora has been a member of organizing committees of annual conferences UISGCON and BSides Kyiv. Mr Zhora has 20 years of practical experience as an architect and project manager, CEO and co-founder of leading cybersecurity companies in Ukraine.

At the SSSCIP of Ukraine, Viktor Zhora supervises digital transformation and cybersecurity projects, CERT-UA and the State Cyberprotection Centre.